मन्वन्तरप्रल्. अये मत्स्यरूपो विद्यामदान्मनवे देवदेवः ।
वैवस्वतायोत्तमसं विदात्मा विष्णोः स्वरूपप्रतिपत्तिरूपाम् । ३.४१ ।
41 During that Manvantara Pralaya, the Lord of the Lords and the One with the supreme knowledge instructed the true form of Lord Vishnu to Vaivasvata Manu in the form of the Matsya; Thus, it is to be understood that the Matsya avatara has the dual purposes of granting Vedas and granting knowledge.
अथो दितेर्ज्येष्ठसुतेन शश्वत्प्रपीडिता ब्रह्मवरात्सुरेशाः ।
हरिं विरिञ्चेन सहोपजग्मुर्दौरात्म्यमस्यापि शशं सुरस्मै । ३.४२ ।
42 Then, the best of devatas who were tormented by the elder son of Diti, Hiranyakashipu, due to the boon of Brahma that he had, approached Lord Hari along with Brahma; They narrated the evil acts of Hiranyakashipu to the Lord.
अभिष्टुतस्तैर्हरिरुग्रवीर्यो नृसिं हरूपेण सआविरासीत् ।
हत्वा हिरण्यं च सुताय तस्य दत्वाऽभयं देवगणानतोषयत् । ३.४३ ।
43 After being requested in multiple ways, Lord Hari, who has extreme valor, appeared in the form of man-lion (Narahari – Narasimha); He killed Hiranyakashipu and comforted his son Prahlada and made the group of devatas very happy.
सुरासुराणामुदधिं विमथ्नतां दधार पृष्ठेन गिरिं स मन्दरम् ।
वरप्रदानादपरैरधार्यं हरस्य कूर्मो बृहदण्डवोढा ॥ ४४॥
44 When the devatas and asuras were churning the ocean, Lord Hari took the form of Kurma, which bears the Universe, and lifted the Mandara mountain on His back; Lifting that mountain was beyond the capability of anyone else due to the boon of Shiva.
वरादजेयत्वमवाप दैत्यराट् चतुर्मुखस्यैव बलिर्यदा तदा ।
अजायतेन्द्रावरजोऽदितेः सुतो महानजोऽप्यब्जभवादिसंस्तुतः ॥ ४५॥
45 When the King of asuras, Bali, due to the boon of Brahma, became invincible, Lord Hari, after being prayed upon by Brahma and others, became the son of Aditi, though He has no birth; Though He is the best amongst all, He became the younger brother of Indra.
स वामनात्माऽसुरभूभृतोऽध्वरं जगाम गां सन्नमयन् पदे पदे ।
जहार चास्माच्छलतस्त्रिविष्टपं त्रिभिः क्रमैस्तच्च ददौ निजाग्रजे ॥ ४६॥
46 The Lord, in the form of Vamana, went to the Yajna of asura King Bali even while making the earth bend down in every step of His; There, He determinedly took away heaven with His three steps; And He handed it over to His older brother Indra.
पितामहेनास्य पुरा हि याचितो बलेः कृते केशव आह यद् वचः ।
नायाञ्चयाऽहं प्रतिहन्मि तं बलिं शुभाननेत्येव ततोऽभ्ययाचत ॥ ४७॥
47 Earlier, when his grandfather Prahlada had requested on behalf of Bali, Lord Keshava had given him a word – “I will not subdue Bali without begging him”; That is why He asked in that manner.
बभूविरे चन्द्रललामतो वरात् पुरा ह्यजेया असुरा धरातळे ।
तैरर्दिता वासवनायकाः सुराः पुरो निधायाब्जजमस्तुवन् हरिम् ॥ ४८॥
48 Long time ago, due to the boon of Shiva, who bears the moon, all the asuras had become invincible and had been born on the earth; Being tormented by them, Indra and others were greatly affected and they prayed to Lord Hari keeping Brahma in front.
विरिञ्चसृष्टैर्नितरामवध्यौ वराद् विधातुर्दितिजौ हिरण्यकौ ।
तथा हयग्रीव उदारविक्रमस्त्वया हता ब्रह्मपुरातनेन ॥ ४९॥
49 “O Lord! Due to the boon of Brahma, Hiranyaksha and Hiranyakashipu, who could not be killed by anyone who was Brahma’s creation were killed by you; And similarly the brave Hayagriva asura was destroyed by You, who are older than even Brahma”
स चासुरान् रुद्रवरादवध्यानिमान् समस्तैरपि देवदेव ।
निःसीमशक्त्यैव निहत्य सर्वान् हृदम्बुजे नो निवसाथ शश्वत् ॥ ५०॥
50 “O Lord of the Lords! Due to the boon of Rudra, these (asuras) cannot be killed by anyone; Please destroy them with your unlimited capability and reside permanently in the Lotus inside of our hearts”
इत्यादरोक्तस्त्रिदशैरजेयः स शार्ङ्गधन्वाऽथ भृगूद्वहोऽभूत् ।
रामो निहत्यासुरपूगमुग्रं नदाननादिर्विदधेऽसृजैव ॥ ५१॥
51 Having been prayed upon respectfully in this way, the Lord, undefeatable and wielder of the Shranga bow, took the avatara of Bhargava Rama; The Lord who has no beginning destroyed the terrible community of asuras and created pools of blood.
ततः पुलस्त्यस्य कुले प्रसूतौ तावादिदैत्यौ जगदेकशत्रू ।
परैरवध्यौ वरतः पुरा हरेः सुरैरजेयौ च वराद् विधातुः ॥ ५२॥
52 Thereafter, the main enemies of the Universe and the first daityas Hiranyaksha and Hiranyakashipu were born in the lineage of Sage Pulastya; Due to the earlier boon of Lord Hari, they could not be killed by anyone else; Due to the boon of Brahma, they were undefeatable by the devatas.
सर्वैरजेयः स च कुम्भकर्णः पुरातने जन्मनि धातुरेव ।
वरान्नरादीनृत एव रावणस्तदातनात् तौ त्रिदशानबाधताम् ॥ ५३॥
53 Due to the boon of Brahma in his previous life, Kumbhakarna was undefeatable by anyone; Due to a boon during the same time, Ravana was undefeatable by anyone apart from humans and monkeys; Both of them started troubling the devatas.
तदाऽब्जजं शूलिनमेव चाग्रतो निधाय देवाः पुरुहूतपूर्वकाः ।
पयोम्बुधौ भोगिपभोगशायिनं समेत्य योग्यां स्तुतिमभ्ययोजयन् ॥ ५४॥
54 Then, keeping the Lotus born Brahma and the wielder of the Trident Shiva in front of them, Indra and the other devatas approached the Lord who was resting on the serpent King Sesha in the Milky Ocean and praised Him with appropriate words.
त्वमेक ईशः परमः स्वतन्त्रस्त्वमादिरन्तो जगतो नियोक्ता ।
त्वदाज्ञयैवाखिलमम्बुजोद्भवा वितेनिरेऽग्र्याश्चरमाश्च येऽन्ये ॥ ५५॥
55 “You alone are the Lord of the Universe; You are the Supreme, Independent; You are the primordial being; You are the creator of the Universe; You are the destructor of the Universe; You are the controller of all; It is only due to Your order that the current and previous Brahmas have created the world; And will do so in the future”.
द्विषट्सहस्रैरपि तैश्चतुर्युगं त्रेतादिभिः पादश एव हीनैः ॥ ५६॥
त्वदाज्ञया स्वाननुभूय भोगानुपैति सोऽपि त्वरितस्त्वदन्तिकम् ॥ ५७॥
56, 57 “Measured from the reference of humans, 360 years is known as one year of the devatas; 12 thousand such years are known as one Chaturyuga; One hundred such chaturyugas, filled with Treta and other yugas in which the padas keep reducing and comprising of day, night, fortnight, month and others, is the lifetime of Brahma. This four-faced Brahma too experiences the joys as per his yogyata in accordance with your orders and then quickly comes back to you”
प्रभञ्जनावेशवशात् तवाऽज्ञया बलोद्धतावाशु जले व्यवर्धताम् ॥ ५८॥
स्वयम्भुवो वेदगणानहार्षतां तदाऽभवस्त्वं हयशीर्ष ईश्वरः ॥ ५९॥
निष्पीड्य तावूरुतळे कराभ्यां तन्मेदसैवाऽऽशु चकर्थ मेदिनीम् ॥ ६०॥
58, 59, 60 “Previously, you had created two big asuras named Madhu and Kaitabha from your ear lobes region; Under your orders, they obtained the avesha of Vayu and got arrogant about their strength and started growing rapidly in the waters of the Pralaya; Having been born with the intent of playing, and armed with the boon of Brahma making them incapable of being destroyed, they stole the entire Vedas emanating from the face of Brahma; Then, You, the One with all the powers, became ‘Hayagriva’; You returned the Vedas to Brahma and destroyed the two thieves by placing them on Your thighs and quashing them; From their ‘Medas’, you created ‘Medini'”.
वशे तवैतद् द्वयमप्यतो वयं निवेदयामः पितुरेव तेऽखिलम् ॥ ६१॥
इतीरिते तैरखिलैः सुरेश्वरैर्बभूव रामो जगतीपतिः प्रभुः ॥ ६२॥
61, 62 “In this way, the power of the devatas is natural; Similarly the power of asuras is due to boons; Both these strengths are under your control; Therefore, we are now pleading everything with you, our Father; Please take form as a human on earth and, with your power, destroy these two Rakshasas who are bloated with ego due to the boons”; In this way, the Lord of the Universe and supremely capable Lord Hari was prayed upon by the leaders of the devatas and He took avatara in the form of Rama.
स कश्यपस्यादितिगर्भजन्मनो विवस्वतस्तन्तुभवस्य भूभृतः ।
गृहे दशस्यन्दननामिनोऽभूत् कौसल्यकानाम्नि तदर्थिनेष्टः ॥ ६३ ॥
63 Lord Rama took avatara, after a Yajna was performed for the same, in the womb of Kousalya, the queen of Dasharatha, who was the King born in the lineage of the Sun, which was the lineage of Kashyapa through Aditi.
तदाज्ञया देवगणा बभूविरे पुरैव पश्चादपि तस्य भूम्नः ।
निषेवणायोरुगुणस्य वानरेष्वथो नरेष्वेव च पश्चिमोद्भवाः ॥ ६४॥
64 In order to specially serve the Lord, who is complete and bears all great attributes, the groups of devatas took avataras on earth, as per His orders; Amongst Vanaras (monkeys), they were born both before and after His avatara; But amongst humans, all were born after Him.
स देवतानां प्रथमो गुणाधिको बभूव नाम्ना हनुमान् प्रभञ्जनः ।
स्वसम्भवः केसरिणो गृहे प्रभुर्बभूव वाली स्वत एव वासवः ॥ ६५॥
65 Amongst the devatas, the first one and the one with more attributes than the others, that is Lord Vayu, took avatara as the son of Vanara Kesari’s wife through himself, as ‘Hanuman’; Indra was born due to himself as ‘Vali’.
सुग्रीव आसीत् परमेष्ठितेजसा युतो रविः स्वात्मत एव जाम्बवान् ।
य एव पूर्वं परमेष्ठिवक्षसस्त्वगुद्भवो धर्म इहाऽस्यतोऽभवत् ॥ ६६॥
66 Surya was born, along with the avesha of Brahma, as ‘Sugreeva’ by himself; Similarly, Yama Dharma became ‘Jambavan’; Yama was first born from the Tvag indriya near the chest of Brahma; Later he was born as Jambavan from Brahma’s mouth.
य एव सूर्यात् पुनरेव सञ्ज्ञया नाम्ना यमो दक्षिणदिक्प आसीत् ।
स जाम्बवान् दैवतकार्यदर्शिना पुरैव सृष्टो मुखतः स्वयम्भुवा ॥ ६७॥
67 That Yama Dharma was born from Surya’s wife Sanjnadevi as Yama and became the caretaker of the southern direction; Jambavan was born earlier itself from the mouth of Brahma, who knows all the activities of the devatas.
ब्रह्मोद्भवः सोम उतास्य सूनोरत्रेरभूत् सोऽङ्गद एव जातः ।
बृहस्पतिस्तार उतो शची च शक्रस्य भार्यैव बभूव तारा ॥ ६८॥
68 Chandra, who was first born from Brahma, was born again as the son of Sage Atri who himself was Brahma’s son; That Chandra was born as ‘Angada’; Bruhaspati was born as ‘Tara’; Indra’s wife Shachi was born as ‘Taraa’.
बृहस्पतिर्ब्रह्मसुतोऽपि पूर्वं सहैव शच्या मनसोऽभिजातः ।
ब्रह्मोद्भवस्याङ्गिरसः सुतोऽभून्मारीचजस्यैव शची पुलोम्नः ॥ ६९॥
69 Bruhaspati is the son of Brahma; At first, he was born, along with Shachi, from the mind of Brahma; He was then born as the son of Sage Angirasa, who was the son of Brahma; Shachi was born again as the daughter of Sage Puloma, who was the son of Sage Kashyapa, who in turn was the son of Sage Marichi.
स एव शच्या सह वानरोऽभूत् स्वसम्भवो देवगुरुर्बृहस्पतिः ।
अभूत् सुषेणो वरुणोऽश्विनौ च बभूवतुस्तौ विविदश्च मैन्दः ॥ ७०॥
70 That guru of the devatas, Bruhaspati, was born by himself as a Vanara along with Shachi; Varuna took avatara as ‘Sushena’; The Ashwini devata twins were born as ‘Mainda’ and ‘Vivida’.
ब्रह्मोद्भवौ तौ पुनरेव सूर्याद् बभूवतुस्तत्र कनीयसस्तु ।
आवेश ऐन्द्रो वरदानतोऽभूत् ततो बलीयान् विविदो हि मैन्दात् ॥ ७१॥
71 The Ashwini twins were first born as the sons of Brahma through his nostrils; They then were born as the sons of Surya; Due to a boon, Vivida had the avesha of Indra in him; He was therefore more powerful than Mainda.
नीलोऽग्निरासीत् कमलोद्भवोत्थः कामः पुनः श्रीरमणाद् रमायाम् ।
प्रद्युम्ननामाऽभवदेवमीशात् स स्कन्दतामाप स चक्रतां च ॥ ७२॥
72 Agni, who was born from Brahma, became ‘Neela’; Kama, who was born from Brahma, was born as ‘Pradyumna’ due to Lord Krishna, the consort of Sri, in the Rukmini form of Mahalakshmi; He also was born from Shiva as ‘Skanda’; And he is also the presiding diety of the Sudarshana Chakra.
पूर्वं हरेश्चक्रमभूद्धि दुर्गा तमःस्थिता श्रीरिति यां वदन्ति ।
सत्त्वात्मिका शङ्खमथो रजस्था भूर्नामिका पद्ममभूद्धरेर्हि ॥ ७३॥
73 ‘Durga’, who is the presiding diety of Tamas, was Lord Hari’s ‘Chakra’ earlier; The presiding diety of Satva, the ‘Sri’ form of Ramaa devi was the ‘Shankha’; The presiding diety of Rajas, the ‘Bhu’ form of Lakshmi, was also the presiding diety of ‘Padma’.
गदा तु वायुर्बलसंविदात्मा शार्ङ्गश्च विद्येति रमैव खड्गः ।
दुर्गात्मिका सैव च चर्मनाम्नी पञ्चात्मको मारुत एव बाणाः ॥ ७४॥
74 Vayu, who is the Lord of knowledge and strength, is the presiding diety of the Lord’s ‘Gada’ (mace); The diety of education, Sarasvati, is the diety of the ‘Shranga bow’; The Durga form of Lakshmi is the diety of ‘Charma’ (Gurani); The five forms of Vayu, viz Prana, Apana, Vyana, Udana and Samana, are the dieties of the Lord’s (five) arrows.
एवं स्थितेष्वेव पुरातनेषु वराद् रथाङ्गत्वमवाप कामः ।
तत्सूनुतामाप च सोऽनिरुद्धो ब्रह्मोद्भवः शङ्खतनुः पुमात्मा ॥ ७५॥
75 The ancient Chakra and others are thus; Kama, with the grace of Lord Hari, became the alternate diety of the Chakra and also obtained control over the word Chakra; Aniruddha, who was born from Brahma, became the son of Kama; He became the presiding diety of the Purusha Jiva and, due to a boon, also became the alternate diety of the Shankha.
तावेव जातौ भरतश्च नाम्ना शत्रुघ्न इत्येव च रामतोऽनु ।
पूर्वं सुमित्रातनयश्च शेषः स लक्ष्मणो नाम रघूत्तमादनु ॥ ७६॥
76 These two were born as ‘Bharata’ and ‘Shatrughna’, after the birth of Lord Rama; Prior to this, Sesha was born after Lord Rama as ‘Lakshmana’, the son of Sumitra.
कौसल्यकापुत्र उरुक्रमोऽसावेकस्तथैको भरतस्य मातुः ।
उभौ सुमित्रातनयौ नृपस्य चत्वार एते ह्यमरोत्तमा सुताः ॥ ७७॥
77 Lord Rama, who is Lord Hari himself, was the only son of Kousalya; Similarly, Bharata was the only son of his mother Kaikeyi; The other two were sons of Sumitra; In this way, the four best amongst the devatas were born as the sons of King Dasharatha.
सङ्कर्षणाद्यैस्त्रिभिरेव रूपैराविष्ट आसीत् त्रिषु तेषु विष्णुः ।
इन्द्रोऽङ्गदे चैव ततोऽङ्गदो हि बली नितान्तं स बभूव शश्वत् ॥ ७८॥
78 Lord Hari, in his Sankarshana and other two forms, had an avesha of Himself in Lakshmana and the other two; Similarly, Indra had an avesha in Angada; Hence, Angada became very powerful.
येऽन्ये च भूपाः कृतवीर्यजाद्या बलाधिकाः सन्ति सहस्रशोऽपि ।
सर्वे हरेः सन्निधिभावयुक्ता धर्मप्रधानाश्च गुणप्रधानाः ॥ ७९॥
79 In Kartiveeryaarjuna and the other thousand Emperors who had extreme strength, who were very dharmic and who had all noble attributes, Lord Hari’s special sannidhi was present in them.
स्वयं रमा सीरत एव जाता सीतेति रामार्थमनूपमा या ।
विदेहराजस्य हि यज्ञभूमौ सुतेति तस्यैव ततस्तु साऽभूत् ॥ ८०॥
80 Then, Mahalakshmi, who is without a comparison, took avatara to serve Lord Rama through a plough; She came to be known as the daughter of Janaka, King of Videha, as she came about in the field of Yajna of the King.
इत्यादिकल्पोत्थित एष सर्गो मया समस्तागमनिर्णयात्मकः ।
सहानुसर्गः कथितोऽत्र पूर्वो यो यो गुणैर्नित्यमसौ वरो हि ॥ ८१॥
81 In this way, after referring to the Agamas, the entire details of the initial creation (outside the realm of the Universe) and the subsequent creation (within the Universe) has been decisively stated by me; In this, those who were born earlier are always greater in attributes than those born later; This is certain.
पाश्चात्त्यकल्पेष्वपि सर्गभेदाः श्रुतौ पुराणेष्वपि चान्यथोक्ताः ।
नोत्कर्षहेतुः प्रथमत्वमेषु विशेषवाक्यैरवगम्यमेतत् ॥ ८२॥
82 The differences in creation stated in the later Kalpas have been stated differently in the Shrutis and Puranas when compared with the details of creation of the previous two Kalpas; In those Sargas, earlier birth is not a reason for supremacy; This truth is to be understood through the special statements (pramanas).