Tenets of Tattvavada

There are 9 basic principles of Tattvavada. These were beautifully elucidated by Sri Vyasaraja in a shloka which is well known as the “Prameya Shloka”. The principles are as below.

  1. Hari or Lord Vishnu is supreme
  2. The world is real
  3. The differences are real
  4. The various classes of souls are cohorts of Hari
  5. They reach different states ultimately
  6. Mukti is the experience of one’s own nature
  7. Mukti is achieved by pure devotion
  8. Observation, etc are the sources of knowledge
  9. It is Hari alone who is praised in the Vedas

Sri Madhva was very radical in terms of the tenets of his philosophy, especially relative to the theories present during his time. Principle 2 about the world being real was in direct contrast to the Maya that other philosophies thought of the world as. Principle 3 is actually a gist of the principle called as Pancha Bheda or the five differences between the Ishvara (Supreme Being), Jada (insentient beings) and Jiva (sentient beings). For the first time, an Indian philosopher declared that not all souls attain Moksha or liberation. Some inferior (or evil) souls are condemned to eternal damnation. Principle 5 captures this theory.

4 thoughts on “Tenets of Tattvavada

  1. Hello Vasudha,

    Do you know how to analyze charts? Anyways data is 20 Jun 1977, 6:47AM, Mysore.

    Let me know your analysis 🙂

    Regards, Hari

  2. ya Madhwa was really a great realistic philosopher the world has ever seen but one unfortunate thing is that most of people are not aware his contribution to the world of philosophy. One has to read him without any kind prejudice then they will know the truth.thanks good publication

  3. Madhva Siddhanta is not very popular perhaps of one reason. Unlike Advaita, every one is not guaranteed of Moksha. It depends on their Sadhana. No one can attain Jeevanmukti, Liberation with this Linga deha. Advaita guarantees the jeevas all. Naturally, whatever bargain we make in this material world comes to Spiritual world also!! Though Shankaracharya accepts Narayana as Para Brahman, he brings in Ishvara, bound by Maya. More over, Shankara’s Advaita gives more power to Jeevas to perform on their individual level sans interference of Parabrahman. Such libertine thoughts have naturally made people to believe that Advaita sounds better than the Realism and Pluralist nature of Madhva thoughts.But remember even Pauli’s Exclusion principle in Physics accepts natural innate Difference between two electrons in an Atom. Bheda is imminent among Jeevas, whether we relish it or not. Madhva was more scientific in philosophy.

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