Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 13: Part 3

  • 41 Due to the special (and strange) dance of Lord Krishna, the umbrella like hoods of the Naga got damaged; He fell unconsciousness spitting blood from his mouth; Looking at the state of the Naga, his wives came to Lord Krishna, the primordial Guru of the world, and prayed to Him.
  • 42 Having been prayed upon by them, and by him (Kaaliya), Lord Krishna gave them confidence and, having sent him away from the waters of the Yamuna, made the river free from poison; All the Devatas, Siddhas, Sadhyas and others praised this act of Lord Krishna greatly.
  • 43 There was no limit to the joy of Balarama and the other Gopalakas; Having stayed there overnight on the banks of the Yamuna, along with them, the lotus-eyed Lord Krishna consumed the great forest fire that emerged at night, in order to protect the Gopalakas.
  • 44 In this way, when Lord Krishna, the One with unlimited divine strength, the One without birth, stayed in Gokula and performed divine acts that were not even in the realm of thinking for Devatas and Asuras, the people of Gokula were presented a danger in the form of a tree, that was an asura by name Ugra.
  • 45 Merely by the smell of his poison, humans, animals and all other beings were falling ill with various diseases and dying; The asura, who had the only goal of destroying the world, was impossible to be killed due to the boon of Brahma.
  • 46 When even Balarama got affected by the strength of that mighty poison, Lord Krishna cured him merely by His touch; The Lord destroyed the asura, who was in the form of the tree, along with all his associates, who too had taken the form of trees.
  • 47 At the same time, He also destroyed the Rakshasas who had taken the form of cows and had become invincible due to the boon of Brahma and He burnt those trees as well; The Lord Padmanabha, along with Balarama, enjoyed in the waters of the Yamuna, and quickly relieved Gokula of all diseases.
  • 48 Lord Krishna then killed seven asuras, who had taken the form of oxen and had obtained the boon of Shiva and thus had become extremely powerful and valorous and therefore could not be brought under control by anyone else; He then quickly obtained Neela, the daughter of Kumbhaka, who was the brother of Yashoda.
  • 49 She had performed a penance in her previous janma thinking thus – “I should become the first wife of Lord Krishna; I should unite with Lord Krishna before even all the other excellent women”; Therefore the Lord accepted her as the first one.
  • 50 Lord Krishna married Neela even before His upanayana; He also married those Gopa women who were excellent Apsaras as they had obtained a boon asking thus – “We should be granted your union even before your upanayana”.
  • 51 Once, the associates of Lord Krishna, asked Him, along with Balarama – “Please let us have the excellent ripe Tala fruits”; When they requested thus, Lord Krishna, along with Balarama, went to the plantation of Tala trees which had become out of reach for the Gopas due to the asura Dhenuka.
  • 52 Dhenuka was an evil daitya; Due to the boon of Vignesha, he had obtained long life and great strength; He was also always eager for fights; He used to remain intoxicated always; Noticing that Balarama was getting the fruits to drop from the trees, he rushed there.
  • 53 Balarama caught the hind legs of Dhenuka when he tried to kick him; Balarama smashed the rakshasa, who was in the form of a donkey, against the Tala trees and killed him; As soon as the evil donkey-formed rakshasa was destroyed, all the other donkeys in the plantation started rushing towards Lord Krishna and Balarama, making loud and disturbing noises; All of them were killed by Lord Krishna and Balarama.
  • 54 Having thus killed the donkey-formed Rakshasa, who had become invincible by others due to the boon of Vigneshwara, the Lord of Lakshmi, the One who is complete with Pourusha and other attributes, gave the excellent fruits to His people.
  • 55 Once, when the Gopa kids were playing in two teams, a Daitya by name Pralamba, having been sent by Kamsa, came there; When Lord Krishna’s team started winning, he, having been defeated, picked up Balarama in his ferocious form and left from there.
  • 56 Balarama, who was scared, started chanting the name of Lord Krishna; In order to fill strength in him, Lord Krishna reminded Balarama that He himself was present in Balarama also; Balarama regained his strength with this and he smashed the Rakshasa, who was flying in the sky, with his fist and killed him.
  • 57 When he was killed, the groups of Suras, who were extremely satisfied, named Rama as Baladeva; Lord Krishna, the Ocean of infinite attributes, once again drank the deadly forest fire and saved the Gopalas and the cows.
  • 58 Once the accompanying friends of Lord Krishna, when they had gone very far away, requested him thus – “All of us are suffering from extreme hunger”; Lord Krishna, the One who is the complete satisfier of all desires said thus – “There is a group of Brahmins close by who are performing a Yaga. Go and ask them”.
  • 59 Those Gopas went to them and returned back to Lord Krishna without their desires being fulfilled; Then the Lord spoke thus – “Go to their wives and tell them that I sent you”; They did the same; The wives of the Brahmins came running to Lord Krishna.
  • 60 Those wives of the Brahmins, with the only intention of serving Lord Krishna, gave up their husbands, sons and other relatives and came running towards Him holding six types of food in their hands; Lord Krishna sent them back; Only one lady, who was prevented by her husband, gave up her life and reached the abode of Lord Vishnu.
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Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 13: Part 2

  • 21 After that, Trunavarta had performed a similar penance; He too had obtained the boon of invincibility; All three of them had been killed by Lord Vishnu in the form of the child (Lord Krishna)
  • Note: The three of them here refers to Putana, Trunavarta and Shakatasura.
  • 22 Dhuni and Chamu had taken shelter in the two Arjuna trees; Lord Krishna killed them too when he brought down the trees; The trees too had been born due to a curse!
  • 23 Previously, the two sons of Kubera had stood naked in front of Sage Narada; “Both of you take birth as trees immediately” – Sage Narada had cursed them thus.
  • 24 Therefore, they obtained their original forms due to the grace of Lord Krishna, as they were noble souls inherently; They worshipped the Lord and returned to their world.
  • 25 The Gopalakas started watching Lord Krishna, the One who liberated Nalakoobara and Manigreeva, with awe and surprise.
  • 26 Lord Krishna, the son of Nanda, desired to go to Vrundavana; He created many wolves, which were equal in strength to tigers, out of his hair follicles (the gap in the skin holding the hair).
  • 27 The people of Gokula, who were troubled by crores of such wolves, took Lord Krishna, the One who is eternally blissful, with them and left for Vrundavana.
  • 28 Lord Krishna, the Lord of all, the One with immeasurable joy, the Lord of Indira, made Nanda and others happy in Vrundavana with his extra ordinary acts.
  • 29 Having got together with Balarama, the one who had soft radiance on his beautiful face which exceeded the glow of the moon, Lord Krishna became a cow-herd; What surprise!
  • 30 Lord Krishna killed a Daitya who was the assistant of Kamsa and was in the form of a calf, and who had become invincible due to Shiva’s boon, by smashing him against a tree; Later, an assistant of Kamsa, by name Baka, approached Lord Krishna, the One who is all powerful.
  • 31 He (Baka) who was protected by Shanmukha’s boon swallowed Lord Krishna; He immediately brought Him out as the Lord started burning like fire inside Baka’s stomach; After that, seeing Baka rush towards Him in order to kill with his beak, the Lord held his beak.
  • 32 Lord Krishna, who had tender hands like sprouts, immediately held the two parts of the beak and split that bird-like-Daitya into two; Brahma and others showered flowers on the Lord and praised HIm; In the evening, He returned to Vraja along with His older brother.
  • 33 In this way, Lord Krishna, the One with lotus-feet, was worshipped by the best of Devatas and lived comfortably amongst the cow-herds and grew up to be of six years of age; The Lord, who is the maintainer of all, started taking care of the cows in the large areas of Vrudanavana that were full of thick bushes.
  • 34 Lord Krishna, the One with unimaginable strength, once left his brother Balarama and went to the banks of the river Yamuna, along with groups of cow-herds and their cows, and started enjoying; Noticing the sorrow that the cow-herds would get in future, He left behind his older brother in order to let them know of His greatness.
  • 35 Knowing that the serpent Kaaliya had become indefatigable due to the boon of Brahma, and also knowing that it had the strength of poison that was unbearable to anyone apart from Garuda, Lord Krishna protected the cows and the cow-herds that had died by drinking the poisoned water.
  • 36 Those cows and cow-herds were all revived by the divine nectar that was the sight of the Lord; Later, Lord Krishna climbed the Kadamba tree that had high branches and tied His upper cloth to His waist; He then rubbed His shoulders with His hands and jumped into the poison-filled water from a great height.
  • 37 Kaaliya was perturbed with the force with which the Supreme Personality Lord Krishna dived; Due to his poison, the water in the thick forests rose; The water sprayed over a distance of 100 Dhanus with terrible waves that were mixed with the poison; But how could that be an issue for the One with infinite strength?
  • 38 Kaaliya, the ignorant, came with his followers to Lord Krishna who had churned the river Yamuna, and bit Him; He tied his Lord with his body; But the Lord of all, Krishna, tolerated the mistakes of His devotee.
  • 39 Then, seeing the evil omens, all the groups of Gopas rushed towards the river even though Balarama convinced them a lot; Seeing the sorrow of his great band of followers who believed in Him, Lord Krishna started crushing Kaaliya even though he was His devotee.
  • 40 Lord Krishna started dancing on the high hoods of the serpent; Brahma and others started showering flowers on Him and praised Him; Kaaliya was extremely pained and he started bleeding from his mouth and mentally resorted to the shelter of Narayana.

Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 13: Part 1

|| OM namo bhagavate vasudevaya OM ||

  • 1 Sage Garga went to Gokula as per the words of Vasudeva; He was the purohit of the Yadavas; He conducted those Samskaras to Lord Krishna and Balarama that were appropriate for Kshatriyas.
  • 2 Sage Garga said this – “O Nanda! Your son is no less than Lord Vishnu in any of the attributes; All of you shall be taken care of by him and you shall obtain excellent happiness”.
  • 3 When he said thus, Nanda became extremely joyous; Sage Garga returned back; After that, Lord Krishna, the primordial Being, got together with this older brother and went around, his feet thereby purifying the land of Gokula.
  • 4 Once, in order to remove the illusion in his mother’s mind that He was a kid, Lord Krishna, the Lord of all, ate some mud even as people were watching.
  • 5 When the mother scolded Him, He replied – “O Mother! I did not eat any mud. See for yourself” and then He opened His mouth; She saw the entire Universe made of the primordial nature and all its manifestations; In this way, Lord Krishna displayed his unimaginable and excellent capabilities and made her realize his true capacity and instantly ended that vision, once she understood it strongly.
  • 6 In this way, Lord Krishna, even though he is the embodiment of infinite knowledge and bliss, followed the way of the world and showed his acts by walking on the land of Gokula.
  • 7 Once, when the infinitely capable Lord Krishna was drinking milk from the breast of Yashoda, she lowered him to the ground so that she could take care of the milk which was spilling over on the oven; Then, He broke a pot containing curds.
  • 8 Lord Krishna picked up the butter that was coming out of the curds that was churned, the butter shining like a full moon, and ate it secretly.
  • 9, 10 Lord Krishna acted in that matter, even though He was like fire to Adharma, in order to teach the excellent Swadharma to the Devatas that when Devatas are born on earth, it is appropriate for them to behave according to the Yuga and according to the age and also as appropriate to their lineage.
  • 11 The Lord, who takes avatara as human, animals and other forms, even though is always One and the same, acts as if He undergoes childhood, youth and other stages and performs acts appropriate to those ages.
  • 12 When He takes avatara as Brahmin, King, cow-herd and other forms, He peforms the duties appropriate to those Varnas in order to teach the Devatas.
  • 13 Even then, the Lord still displays His natural strength which can never be equalled by other Devatas and also exhibits His qualities again and again.
  • 14 After that, Lord Krishna, the Lord of the world, saw that His mother picked up a stick and started running; That lady started chasing Him, the One who can not be held even by the mind.
  • 15 Lord Krishna, the Lord of all and the One with huge steps, noticed the tiredness of His mother and, in order to show that He is bound by His devotees, got caught by her.
  • 16 When Gopika (Yashoda) picked up a rope to tie Lord Krishna, the One who is eternally liberated, the One who is supremely capable, the rope proved insufficient to bind Him.
  • 17 Even when rolls of rope were put together, it proved insufficient for that endless body of Lord Krishna, who was merely displaying infancy.
  • 18 After having displayed to all that He can never be subject to binding, the Lord of all and the bearer of the world Himself got bound by a small rope used to tie a calf.
  • 19 The Lord of all, Lord Krishna, thus showed the Dharma that it is the duty of a son to be under the control of one’s mother; He then brought down a pair of Arjuna trees that had grown so tall that they were as if touching the skies; The two of them were actually children of Devatas.
  • 20 Previously, two people known as Dhuni and Chamu had got together with Putana and along with Shakatasura had performed a penance to please Parvati; Parvati had granted all four of them the boon that they will not be killed by anyone.