Srimadbhagavadgita – Chapter 04

The 4th chapter of the Srimad Bhagavadgita has been uploaded at the mantras page. It is available in the Kannada, Devanagari and English scripts.

In this chapter, Lord Krishna once again explains to the Arjuna the need for renouncing the fruits of action. He also explains Karma, Akarma and Vikarma. He also details the various types of yajnas people perform in the world and the importance and position of knowledge in attaining Him.

Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 10: Part 2

  • 46 “That girl has grown up as an extremely beautiful lady in the house of Dasharaja; Satyavati is her name; Even though I do not have any birth, I will be born in her as your son”.
  • 47 As soon as Lord Hari, the beholder of the chakra, said thus, Sage Parashara went towards Satyavati who was working as a boatwoman on the ocean-facing Yamuna river; Lord Hari, the embodiment of pure knowledge, immediately appeared in her.
  • 48 Lord Hari, Who is free from any defects, Who is the personification of knowledge and bliss, Who is without any birth or death, simply appears as if He has been born in a woman due to a man, in order to confuse asuras; He, Who has strength and other auspicious attributes as His body, is not one to be born anywhere.
  • 49 Just like how the form of Lord Narasimha emerged out of the pillar, similarly Lord Hari just appears in all His other forms as well; He is never born in women out of semen and other dirt; Even then, He appears to be born that way in order to confuse ineligible people.
  • 50 Lord Hari sometimes appears after the coming together of a man and woman in order to confuse ignorant people; Therefore, evil people will wrongly understand that He, the single embodiment of all complete attributes, was born out of semen and other dirt.
  • 51 The maker of the Universe shone as the owner of the rays of knowledge on the island of the river Yamuna, the sister of Yama; He radiated with the lustre of a thousand, lakh, in fact unlimited number of suns, and was illuminating the inside and outside of the Universe.
  • 52 Lord Vyasa is the ocean of unlimited and unnatural great attributes; He is the owner of all the shastras; He is the teacher of the world; He is wholly capable; He possesses infinite strength; He is the Lord of even the lords of the world; His body is perfect and is free from all defects.
  • 53 His color is that of pure Indra Neela jewel; He possesses feet of red color; He has lotus-like eyes; His lips, palms, nails and tip of the tongue are of reddish hue; He possesses the lines of chakra, shankha and lotus in his palms and feet; He wears the hide of deer which are pure like the rays of the sun; He possesses a head which is shining with a clean, lightning like, tuft.
  • 54 He has a broad chest; His eyes are wide like lotuses; He has huge shoulders; His neck is like a conch; He emits all the Vedas from his mouth; His excellent face has the lustre of an infinite number of moons.
  • 55 Sri Vyasa has two hands which are showing the Jnana and Abhaya mudras; He radiates with the Yajnopaveeta, Krishnajina and Mekhala; He shines a lot by rejuvenating this world, which has been bitten by a snake known as great-ignorance, by His mere glance.
  • 56 In order to show compliance with the rules of the world, He immediately underwent the Upanayana ceremony and gave knowledge to His father; He gave both of them (parents) the boon that He will appear before them by their mere remembrance.
  • 57 After that, the Lord went to the Meru mountain, being followed by Brahma and other devatas; He uplifted all the Vedas and gave them to the devatas and Munis, just like how they were during the initial days of creation.
  • 58 Lord Vyasa created all the shastras appropriately, and composed the Brahmasutras which was the decisive purport of all shastras; Brahma, Shiva, the other devatas and the best amongst Munis listened to it from the Lord Himself.
  • 59 After that He composed a work known as the Mahabharata, which was an analogy to the entire shastras; Brahma, Rudra and the other devatas listened to that work, which was greater than even the Vedas, from the Lord Himself.
  • 60 After that, Kali, who had resided in the hearts of Rudra and other devatas, was hit by the excellent arrows coming out of the words of the Lord and was decapitatated and destroyed; The devatas drank the excellent nectar of knowledge.
  • 61 After that too, Kali, in other forms, still resided in humans and asuras; Then, Lord Veda Vyasa thought that the Kali residing in humans and other creatures must be destroyed.
  • 62 After that, the Lord, who is fully capable, noticed that due to the effect of time, the lifetime, intelligence and execution of duties had gone down in humans and therefore divided the Vedas into four divisions. He composed the Bhagavata and other Puranas which propagated the supremacy of Lord Vishnu.
  • 63 Lord Veda Vyasa went around the world liberating the noble people from their ignorance with his shastras; On one such occasion, he came across a worm which was moving on His way; He addressed it thus.
  • 64 “Give up this bad body and become a king” – When the Lord said thus, the worm refused; He then made that worm a king with that very same body; That worm was a devotee of the Lord in its previous birth and was a Shudra who was extremely greedy.
  • 65 Even though due to his greed, he had obtained the life of a worm, he became a king due to the grace of Lord Vashishta Krishna; All the kings surrendered to him; And all of them paid taxes to him like Vaishyas.
  • 66 The Lord said thus to the worm – “I can grant you Moksha at this instant; But in order to respect the shastras, you obtain the life of a brahmin and become liberated with my grace”.
  • 67 The Lord also bestowed on him pristine knowledge; He ruled the entire world as an emperor; After that, he gave up that body and was born again as an excellent brahmin, and became knowledgeable in the true shastras and reached the feet of Lord Hari.
  • 68 In this way Lord Janardana, the One who is fully capable, in His form as Veda Vyasa, rescued numerous people from the clutches of samsara; His actions are infinite, cannot be comprehended by the mind, and are always praised upon by the best amongst the devatas.
  • 69 Shiva performed an excellent penance with the desire to be born as His son; Lord Vyasa acted as if He Himself performed a penance, fooled the ineligible people, and granted the boon that Shiva asked HIm.
  • 70 Lord Vyasa, Who is fully capable, in order to confuse the people with asura nature, appeared as if He performed a penance; He also behaved as if He had Kama and other materialistic deficiencies; But He does not have any such defects at any point in time.
  • 71 After that, Shiva was born as a son named Shuka in two firesticks; After all, Ghrutachi had approached Him as a female Shuka (parrot) when He was lighting fire through the sticks.
  • 72 Even though He did not desire her, He acted as if He did and obtained a son through the two fire sticks; As per her prayer, He named him Shuka; Thus, in the path of true knowledge, He misled those who were ineligible.
  • 73 In order to serve Lord Vyasa, Lord Vayudeva then quickly entered into Shuka; Then, the Lord gave him all the knowledge; He also preached all the Vedas, Bharata and Bhagavata and the other Puranas.
  • 74 After that, Sesha entered into Sage Paila; The king of birds, Garuda, entered into Sage Sumantu, the son of Varuna; Brahma entered into Sage Vaishampayana; The capable Indra entered into Sage Jaimini.
  • 75 In order to specially serve the feet of Lord (Vashishta) Krishna, all the excellent devatas entered into the various Sages in that way; Lord Vyasa preached all the shastras to all of them and appointed them as the propagators of the various shastras.
  • 76 He made Sage Paila as the propagator of the Rig Veda; For the Yajur Veda, He made Sage Vaishampayana as one of the propagators and Surya as another propagator.
  • 77 After that, He made Sage Jaimini as the propagator for Sama Veda, and Sage Sumantu for Atharva-Angirasa Veda; He made Sage Vaishampayana the propagator for the Mahabharata in the human world.
  • 78 He ordered His son Sage Shuka to propagate the Bharata amongst the Gandharvas; He taught the same to Sage Narada and appointed him for propagation in the worlds of the devatas.
  • 79, 80, 81 After that, He gave birth to Romaharshana out of excitement; And then He appointed him as the propagator for Mahabharata, Puranas, Maharamayana and the entire Pancharatras; Kamadeva, who was extremely eager to serve Lord Vyasa, entered into Sage Romaharshana; The fully capable Lord Vyasa bestowed the knowledge of all shastras to Sage Romaharshana; He appointed Sanatkumara and others as the propagators of Yoga.
  • 82 He bestowed the pure and auspicious knowledge to Sage Bhrigu and others and made them the propagators of Karma Yoga; The Lord made Sage Jaimini as the propagator of the Karma Mimamsa.
  • 83 He himself wrote the starting and ending portions of the Daiva Mimamsa Shastra and appointed Sage Paila and Sesha, who was inside of the sage, to write the middle portions; After that, He composed the Puranas.
  • 84 In order to create suspicion in the minds of asuras, He composed the Shaiva Puranas, which propagated the supremacy of Shiva and had their roots in Pashupata; In order to give the correct knowledge to noble people, He composed the Vaishnava Puranas, which were based on the Pancharatras; He composed the Brahma Puranas with the high level meaning of the Vedas.
  • 85 Due to this, the Devatas, Rishis, Sanatkumara and other Yogis and also humans obtained the true knowledge once again; All of them rejoiced always, after having obtained the knowledge from Lord Krishna Dwaipayana.
  • 86 Lord Vyasa, Who is the great Sun of true knowledge, spread the rays of complete knowledge all over, and removed the darkness of ignorance spread in the world, and is radiating just like the Sun.
  • 87 Lord Hari, in the form of Lord Vyasa, is always served at His feet by the four-headed Brahma, Rudra, the King of devatas and the other devatas; He keeps disclosing His true secrets to them always and is residing in the Meru mountain and also in the Badari Kshetra.

|| End of chapter 10, known as ‘Vyasa Avatara’, from the Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya, composed by Srimadanandatirtha Bhagavatpada ||
|| Sri Krishnaarpanamastu ||

Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 10: Part 1

|| OM namo bhagavate vasudevaya OM ||

  • 1 Then, when the 28th Dwapara Yuga arrived, Brahma, Rudra and the other devatas once again went to the banks of the Milky Ocean.
  • 2 Reaching the northern bank of the Milky Ocean, all the devatas praised the Lord, the One with lotus-like eyes, the One without any destruction, the One who is the best amongst all.
  • 3 “The One who is the chief abode of innumerable attributes; The beholder of complete and special rays of knowledge; The One who completely destroys the eternal darkness of ignorance; The One who grants Moksha in the form of eternal bliss to sattvic souls; O Lord – we bow to you; We bow to you”.
  • 4 “Long ago, Sage Durvasa had got angry, as the garland given by you was thrown to the ground, and had cursed, due to which Indra immediately lost all his wealth; He lost to the Daityas; We had then resorted to you”.
  • 5 “As per your orders, the Devatas approached the Mandara mountain after entering into an agreement with Bali Chakravarti; Due to the boon of Shiva, the mountain could not even be moved a little by anyone else; Even though all of them tried together, they could not even lift the mountain with their hands”.
  • 6 “At that time, You, who are forever full of strength, lifted the Mandara in one hand and placed it on the shoulders of a Garuda named as Ananta; He lifted it along with you as well”.
  • 7 “O Lord! Once again the Suras and Asuras picked up the mountain from the shoulders of Garuda in order to test; The mountain crushed all of them; Later all of them got up due to a mere glance from you”.
  • 8 “You once again lifted the mountain with Your left hand and placed it on the King of the birds and climbed the shoulders of the bird and went to the milky ocean along with the Devatas and Asuras; Making the mountain as the stick, You also started churning the ocean”.
  • 9 “You made Vasuki, the King of Nagas and the one who was born as the son of Kashyapa to Kadru, as the rope for churning; Joining along with you, the Suras and Asuras started churning the divine milky ocean which had a lot of ghee”.
  • 10 “Considering it as inauspicious, the Daityas did not agree to hold the tail of Vasuki; They held its head which was cruel due to the poison; They were greatly pained due to it; The Devatas who trusted You held its tail along with You”.
  • 11 “Then, due to extreme weight, that golden mountain Mandara sunk to the Patala; At that time, You, in your avatara as Kurma, lifted the mountain, which could not be lifted by anyone else, easily on your back”.
  • 12 “When You, the best amongst all, entered the churning rope Vasuki, and also entered the top, bottom and inside of the mountain, the strength of the devatas and asuras increased; Due to their arrogance, they started churning the ocean real fast such that it started harming the oceanic creatures”.
  • 13 “When all of them got tired, You, the One without tiredness, started churning the ocean all by Yourself with excitement, in order to obtain the immortal nectar; At that time, the poison which could swallow the whole world emerged; As per Your orders, Vayu took that poison”.
  • 14 “Kalakoota is the embodiment of Kali; Due to Brahma’s boon, nobody could stop it; None could even touch it; Vayu picked up a portion of the same, squeezed it, reduced its intensity and gave it to Shiva”.
  • 15 “Shiva drank it, and fell down unconscious as soon as it reached his neck; He got up due to the power of Lord Hari’s hand touch; His neck became dark then”.
  • 16 “After that, Vayu, keeping your orders in front, placed the poison in a golden bowl and drank it himself without reducing its intesity; It got digested for him”.
  • 17 “Shiva got a head ache due to the drinking of a small quantity of the Kalakoota; Kali, who was residing in the poison remaining in his hand, spread all over the world; Vayu did not undergo any distortion after drinking that poison”.
  • 18 “From that poison, which was the body of Kali, emerged bad snakes, scorpions, tigers, wolves and other animals; And also Rakshasas; After that, when the ocean was churned by You, ‘Suraa’ emerged; The asuras took it over”.
  • 19 “A horse named Ucchaishravas was born; Similarly, an elephant named Airavata and other Dikpalaka elephants were born; Thousands of excellent apsaras were born as well”.
  • 20 “Similarly, the weapons and jewels of devatas emerged; The Parijata tree was born; Kamadhenu itself was born as well; Chandra was born too; The Kaustubha jewel, which is considered the best in the world, came out also”.
  • 21 “After that, Mahalakshmi, even though she has an eternal body, came out in another form; Then, You, holding a kamandalu to serve Amrita in Your right hand, and the pots of Amrita in the left hand, came out of the ocean in the form of Dhanvantari and were shining with the radiance of IndraNeela jewel”.
  • 22 “The daityas then snatched the Amrita filled pot from Your hands; Even though You are fully capable, You allowed them to do so in order to make them eligible to be killed as they had given up the path of truth”.
  • 23 “Then You instantly turned into the form of a lady, Who was out of this world, Who was of dark hue, Who was wearing a jeweled lace around the waist, Who was wearing a shining golden saree, and Who had a beautiful waist”.
  • 24 “As soon as the asuras saw that excellent, complete attribute filled and radiant Mohini form of Yours, which had a huge waist, breasts like pots; wide eyes like excellent lotuses, they were enchanted”.
  • 25 “After getting into a fight between themselves, they were foxed by You and they came to You saying ‘You please distribute this between us and make us eat’; Saying thus, they gave the pot full of Amruta to You”.
  • 26 “In order to show that it is Dharma to cheat evil people in order to maintain Dharma, you said then – ‘If you will agree to whatever I do, only then I shall distribute this Amrita'”.
  • 27 ‘I shall distribute this as per my wish; You people do not trust in me in whatever way, for whatever reason, and in whatever topic’ – when You said thus and laughed loudly, they were enticed with Your lady form and said ‘let it be so’.
  • 28 “After that You made the devatas and asuras sit separately, and, looking at the asuras who were completely disturbed with Your extreme beauty, You said – ‘I am very embarrased with your stares; You people close your eyes'”.
  • 29 “When the asuras closed their eyes, You served the Amrita to the devatas very well; After that, You chopped off the head of Rahu with the Sudarshana when he was drinking the nectar”.
  • 30 “That Rahu had performed a severe penance repeatedly in thousand births and obtained a boon from Brahma; Therefore, You gave him a drop of Amrita and chopped his head”.
  • 31 “That head was entered into by devatas and it became a planet; After that, the rest of the body, including the arms, was made to fall into the ocean of water by You; Since it had the nectar, it is surviving there even today”.
  • 32 “After that the asuras picked up their weapons and came rushing; All of them were destroyed by You in battle; Only Kali, who is undefeatable by anyone apart from You, is firmly placed inside of humans”.
  • 33 “Alakshmi is the spouse of Kali; All the daityas who are the dieties for the groups of defects are his progeny; All of them were born from the milky ocean; After that, Mahalakshmi came and sat in your heart; Brahma became the representative diety for the Kaustubha jewel which is on Your neck”.
  • 34 “You distributed the other objects that came out of the ocean to the various devatas based on their yogyata; You distributed the nectar as an example to show how You grant Moksha to everyone”.
  • 35 “It is guaranteed that Suras will always get Moksha; Asuras will never get it at any cost; If one, who is not eligible, yearns for Moksha, then he shall get sorrow filled results only, just like what happened to Rahu”.
  • 36 “This Kali, who is the embodiment of wrong knowledge, is now troubling all of us by entering in the form of ignorance and wrong knowledge, all due to the boon of Brahma”.
  • 37 “Brahma gave the boon to Rahu only due to Your orders; Kali has meanwhile entered Shiva and written wrong Agamas; No one else, apart from You, is capable of condemning his evil philosophies”.
  • 38 “All the other shastras, along with all the Vedas, have been destroyed by Kali; They do not exist today; Therefore, You please take an avatara on earth, uplift the Vedas, and compose the shastras well”.
  • 39 “Kali is hiding in the hearts of everyone without being seen, without being realized and without even being guessed; You please destroy him with the weapon of true shastras, and grant Your world to the true devotees”.
  • 40 “There is none other apart from You who can destroy him; Only You are complete with all strength; Therefore we have come to your resort so that You, who are knowledge personified, shall destroy the darkness of ignorance”.
  • 41 The Lord, Who is the abode of nectar, Who is the concentration of pure knowledge, Who cannot be grasped, Who is the Supreme One, assured the suras after being prayed by them, and appeared on earth.
  • 42 Vashishta is the son of the lotus-born Brahma; Shakti is his son; Parashara is Shakti’s son; Sage Parashara performed an excellent penance in order to obtain Lord Hari as his son; Lord Hari granted him that boon.
  • 43 The Lord, who has pleased with him, told him thus – “My devotee Vasuraja has an excellent daughter; When he was on a hunting trip once, he thought of his wife and ejaculated there itself”.
  • 44 “He handed over the semen to a kite in order for it to reach his wife; When it fought with another kite, that semen fell into the waters of the Yamuna; It was consumed by a female fish inside that water; That fish was later caught by fishermen”.
  • 45 “From its womb, twins were born; The children, one boy and one girl, were handed over by the fishermen to their chieftain; He gave them to Vasuraja; He kept the boy with himself and handed over the girl child to the chieftain; Later, that boy came to be known as Matsyaraja”.

Jaatre at Nellitheertha: 8th to 13th January 2012

Dear All,

The annual utsava at Nellitheertha Sri Somanatheshwara Temple will be held from 8th to the 13th of January 2012 this time. It is from the Shukla Chaturdashi of Dhanur Masa to the Chaturthi.

The program details are in this pdf file. Please download and read details.

Nellitheertha Jaatre Invitation

All are cordially invited.

On behalf of the temple management.

– hariprasAdaH

Bhajane by Sri Vidyabhushana

On Tuesday last, Sri Vidyabhushana, the genial singer of dasarapadas, visited our home for a Bhajana program. Once in a while, he visits, along with his team, to houses of interested people and conducts a Bhajana program.

We were extremely lucky that he accepted to visit our home this Tuesday. He and his Bhajana group members came at around 6:45PM and performed for nearly 90 minutes. It was a divine experience listening to Sri Vidyabhushana singing some very popular dasara padas.

At the end of the journey, he performed a puja. Overall, it was an extraordinary spiritual experience.

Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 9: Part 4

  • 91 On His right side monkeys, headed by the son of Surya, and humans on the left side proceeded quickly chanting tales of His avatara as Lord Rama.
  • 92 With Gandharvas singing, and groups of devatas and Rishis headed by Brahma praising Him with chantings of the essence of Vedas, with the scattering of flowers from above, and being gazed at by all the beings who did not even wink out of devotion, Lord Rama proceeded to His own abode, where His attendants Sesha, Garuda and others serve Him devoutly. The Lord slowly ascended the sky even as Brahma, Rudra, Sesha, Garuda and others extolled His auspicious attributes; Those of whom followed Him then assumed heavenly bodies.
  • 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100,101, 102 After that, Brahma, having praised Lord Rama, said thus – “By your orders, Dasharatha has been given a good place that is due to him by me; Your mothers have been given the same place one thousand years ago; Even Kaikeyi, though undeserving, has been given a good place by your command as she should not go to Naraka after having begotten Bharata; But that Asuri Nikritthi, through whose spirit she caused harm to you, has been placed in eternal hell by me. Kaikeyi has only attained the transient worlds, and not the permanent ones. This is appropriate as she became devoted to You only subsequently. Manthara, the one with evil nature, has been thrown into eternal hell; Those who reviled You on account of Sita and most of the Rakshasas have also been cast into eternal hell; Some of the Rakshasas will do so during Your incarnation as Lord Krishna; The rest of them will go to eternal hell at the end of four thousand three hundred years of the 28th Kali Yuga; To those who have come along with You only to savour the fragrance of Your lotus feet, please give them the upper places; Myself, Rudra and all the other devatas are your servants; O Lord! Instruct us on what needs to be done by us yet”.
  • 103 Hearing those words of Brahma, Lord Raghava spoke words of deep insight, with a smile on his lips resembling soft leaves.
  • 104 “O Lotus-born One! The teachership of the Universe has been given to you by me only; Therefore, good destiny for these people has been commanded by Me in accordance with the wishes of such a Guru”.
  • 105 “Therefore, under My instructions, those people deserve to be given their proper places by you; You are the only one who always understands My heart’s wish”
  • 106, 107 Thus instructed, Brahma, who correctly understands Lord Hari’s wishes, awarded to all, from an ant to even a straw, the supreme abode of Lord Vishnu known as Santhanika, due to their permanence; Those souls became free from rebirth and were free from death and old age and were devoid of all misery; They lived there enjoying their innate and supreme bliss.
  • 108, 109, 110, 111, 112 All the devatas, who had been with the bodies of men and monkeys, returned to their original bodies, except Mainda and Vivida; Those two had not followed Lord Rama due to the presence of an Asura in them; Since they had drunk the nectar of immortality earlier, they had not died either; The self-born Brahma was earlier pleased with their penance and had made them free from old age and death; Therefore, out of pride, they had drunk the nectar wrongfully at the time of churning of the ocean; Because of their divine origin, the devatas had overlooked this; When the devatas were fighting the Danavas after drinking the nectar, the bowl containing the nectar was given to them for protection, and it was then that they had drunk it; Due to that overstepping, the two of them attained the forms of wicked Asuras.
  • 113 Angada, under the instructions of Lord Rama, ruled the kingdom (of the monkeys), along with Kusa, and in due course of time, gave up his body and returned to his original form.
  • 114 Vibhishana, the noble souled one, out of respect for Lord Rama’s instructions, became the commander of Kubera’s army and led the Rakshasas for a kalpa.
  • 115 As per the orders of Lord Rama, Jambavan also lived on this earth for the birth of his daughter Jambavati, and performed austere penance for the same.
  • 116 From then on, the prime amongst Raghus lived in one of His forms in the abode of the devatas and was worshipped by them, and in a second form He stayed in the abode of Brahma, and was worshipped by him as the Supreme Lord, and in a third form He stayed in His own abode.
  • 117 The devatas, who were following the Lord who was on His way to His own abode through His third form, stopped at the maximum limit of their allowed access, gradually at a huge distance, looked on and praised Him loudly.
  • 118 Brahma, Maruth, the son of Vayu, Shiva, Sesha, Garuda, Kama, Indra and others followed one after the other and returned after taking leave of Lord Raghava.
  • 119 The devatas, led by Brahma and Purandara (Indra) and others, left for their own abodes; The son of Maruth (Hanuman) proceeded to Badari and stayed there to worship the feet of Lord Narayana.
  • 120 He lived there happily, always listening with delight the words of Lord Hari which were full of the views of the Shastras, and also propagating those truths to the chief amongst the devatas and Rishis.
  • 121 Through another form, he ruled the kingdoms in the continent of Kimpurusha, under the orders of Lord Rama; Through other forms, he lived in all the abodes of Lord Vishnu just as he wished.
  • 122 Thus, by always chanting the Ramayana, Bharata and Pancharatra, which consisted of one hundred crore verses, and by expounding all the Vedas along with the BrahmaSutras, he became full with eternal bliss.
  • 123 Lord Rama, along with Sita, Hanuman, Lakshmana and others, and also other attendants headed by Garuda, lived in the milky ocean being always worshipped by them.
  • 124 Sometimes the Lord of all rests on the king of serpents by merging all His avataras into One; At other times, the Lord of Ramaa, the ocean of noble attributes, amuses Himself by entering into separate avataras, by His own will.
  • 125, 126, 127 This story has been told by me by collaborating the various Puranas, the Pancharatra, Bharata, Vedas and the Maha Ramayana; The various contradictions underlying have been reconciled, and the truths decisively told with the aid of reason and intellect and all by the grace of Lord Vishnu; There is no need to apprehend any inconsistency due to the reason of it not being dependent upon any one book.
  • 128 In some works, different versions have been given and in some others different interpretations have been made; Therefore this decisive work giving the true purport has been made by me.
  • 129 The same consistency must be applied for what follows, both with regard to the Kalpas and also with regard to the order of creation.
  • 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137 In some Puranas, variations with regard to personalities are present; For example, Lord Krishna is supposed to have told Draupadi that He would show one hundred of Duryodhana and others killed by the arrows of Arjuna; But it is known from many texts that they were killed by Bhimasena; What is narrated briefly by few texts as having been killed by Arjuna is narrated by many texts in detail as having been killed by Bhimasena; Similarly, several differences with regard to personalities and incidents appear; What some texts state as having been killed by Lord Krishna is stated in others as having been killed by Balabhadra; In some works, variations with respect to timing also appear; For example, it is said in some that Bhimasena laughed at Duryodhana in the presence of Lord Krishna whereas the contrary is seen in many texts and also after the decision is made regarding the truth; In the absence of such a decisive work, it would appear that the incident occured after the departure, which would be an unacceptable variation; Similarly, other such variations with regard to incidents occur in the Bharatha and other works; They must be found out from the lakshana works, numerous sayings and from the ‘Nirnaya’ works; Therefore, this decisive work has been composed by me in accordance with Nirnaya and Lakshana works and also other numerous sayings.
  • 138, 139 In the Lakshana work composed by Krishna Dwaipayana, it is stated that one who comments on the meaning of the Vedas without knowing the three modes of interpretation, one hundred ways of annotation, and the seven kinds of differences, goes to eternal hell, which is where those of convoluted understanding go.
  • 140, 141 The same thing has been explained in detail in several other works here and there; The seven kinds of differences are Vyathyasa, Pratilomya, Gomoothra, Praghasa, Ookshna, Sudhara and Sadhu; These are not dealt with here as being irrelevant.
  • 142 This decisive composition has been made by me in accordance with them; Being a Nirnaya, this deserves to be accepted by all those who seek knowledge.
  • 143 Thus this sublime story of Lord Rama, which destroys Samsara, has been narrated by me in accordance with all the Shastras; One who reads this or listens to this, goes to the feet of Lord Hari, after being released from bondage.

|| End of chapter 9, known as ‘Rama Swadhama Pravesha’, from the Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya, composed by Srimadanandatirtha Bhagavatpada ||
|| Sri Krishnaarpanamastu ||

Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 9: Part 3

  • 61 Having heard that, everything from a straw to an ant who wished for Moksha came there; By the command of Lord Rama, even non-sentient things like the blade of grass obtained mobility; However, those who were destined to live longer did not wish for Moksha.
  • 62 Amongst those people, Lord Rama established Kusha on the throne and made Lava as the crown prince; Sugreeva also came over to Lord Rama after placing the son of Vali in the kingdom of the monkeys.
  • 63, 64 Lord Rama then embraced the son of Vayu and said thus – “I shall always be visible to you and never otherwise; The highest of the highest penances has to be done by you always; It is that long penance that gives me immense pleasure”
  • 65 “Even though you were fully capable, you did not kill the ten-headed one and Kumbhakarna, only out of love for me; You shall live till the end of this kalpa”
  • 66 “Even with this body, you will be able to go the abode of Mine in the milky ocean as you wish, or even to any other abode of Mine”
  • 67 “You will always obtain all kinds of enjoyment that you desire; Your fame will be praised by the attendents of the King of devatas; You will always enjoy yourself in My abode”
  • 68 “Anything that you desire shall never go futile even a little at any time; You will be very dear to me in every Kalpa”
  • 69 When He told thus, the son of Maruti said thus to the Lord of the Universe – “O Lord! Increase my devotion and keep it steady always at your lotus-feet”
  • 70 “It is my keen yearning that my devotion to You should always increase with time; Let my devotion always be supreme amongst all the groups of souls”
  • 71 “Salutations to you! Let me always prostrate at Your feet which are excellent in all noble attributes; Once again I prostrate at Your feet”
  • 72 When he said thus, the lotus-eyed Lord said – “Let it be so”; The Lord then departed to His abode along with even the insignificant straw and all the others (all those who desired to go with Him).
  • 73 When birds, animals, donkeys, ants and even straw and others obtained their divine forms, what else to say of monkeys and men?
  • 74 By constant meditation on Lord Rama, they had always obtained the true knowledge; Therefore, they attained the abode of Lord Hari.
  • 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81 Surrounded by all of them, the Lord went in the northern direction, shining with the radiance of infinity of Suns, endowed with infinite auspicious attributes; The hair on His head was covered by a crown which was shining like a thousand suns; His beautiful face was covered by thick hair which was radiating like a thousand moons; His eyes were beautiful like red lotuses and His ear-rings were radiating like lightning; His attractive smile reveal His red lips like tender leaves and all the Vedas are on His tongue; His neck was adding lustre to the Kaustubha pendant which was shining like multiple Suns; His two thick and long shoulders are capable of supporting the entire Universe; His two arms are radiant, round and long; He holds in His right hand the arrow which He raised when churning the Universe and with which He killed Madhu and Kaitabha; He gave the same to Lakshmana’s younger brother with which he killed the brother of Madhu, called Rasa, and built the city called Mathura.
  • 82 He held in His hand the arrow which was created out of the essence of all.
  • 83, 84 In His left hand, He held the bow called Shranga; The Lord had invaluable ornaments like Angada and Kankana in His arms and His lotus like red hands were adorned with precious rings; He bore the Goddess Sri Devi on His broad chest which was shining with the garland called Vanamala which consisted of precious gems.
  • 85, 86, 87 Lord Raghava, who is adorned with the Srivatsa and who has three rings in His stomach and has an excellent waist band, and is wearing a cloth shining with the radiance of lightning, and His thighs are like the tusks of an elephant and yet are soft, and His knees are round and the ankles are slender and the feet are red like tender leaves, is the ocean of unlimited bliss and is the embodiment of all strength, was shining above all like the Indraneela gem.
  • 88 With knowledge radiating from his lotus like eyes and the essence of Vedic knowledge emanating from his lotus like face, with His two hands handing out protection and desired happiness to all His servants, the Lord of all devas, Lord Rama, with His shining face, proceeded in the northern direction, which is free from all misery, towards His abode, illuminating the interior and exterior of the Universe with His radiant body.
  • 89 Hanuman held the umbrella shining with the radiance of ten thousand full moons and dispersing coolness, like nectar; Sita, who is the personification of all auspicious attributes, and who was shining like the brilliance of the rising Sun, had appeared in front of all eyes decked with ornaments; She had assumed the double bodies of Sri and Hri and waved, on both sides, fans which were white like the rays of the full-moon.
  • 90 Bharata, who is the current embodiment of the Chakra, was holding it on the right side and proceeding while Shatrughna, who is the current embodiment of the Shankha, held the best of the conches on the left side; In front were groups of devatas headed by Brahma and the deities presiding over the Vedas and the sacred Pranava; The entire world followed behind Lord Rama who was proceeding to His own abode.

Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 9: Part 2

  • 31 All of them were ineligible for the path of Moksha due to their accumulation of sins driven by their inherent nature; All of them were displaced from the right path of obtaining Vishnu, by Janaki, using the ‘Maya’ form of herself.
  • 32 Due to the orders of Lord Hari, the abhimanini of Maya, ‘Durga’ cast a spell on those asuras and they started berating Lord Rama in many ways saying – “He has accepted Janaki who was kidnapped by a Rakshasa”.
  • 33 In order to fructify the words of Brahma, and in order to push those asuras into AndhaTamas, Lord Rama, though He is always with Sita, acted as if He was separated from her, in front of the eyes of ignorant people.
  • 34 All those asuras went to AndhaTamas due to the action of Lord Rama; After that, Lord Rama invited Sita for Yajnas; Keeping the oath made in relation to Bhumi as an excuse, Sita did not appear in front of the people but was always with Lord Rama.
  • 35 Lord Vishnu has Himself created Brahma and made him the Guru of the Universe; Therefore, He will never defy Brahma in respect of his words given to noble people.
  • 36 With regard to the matters of the other worlds, He will not defy Brahma’s words even if given to Asuras; But in the matters of this world, He sometimes overrules the words of Brahma if given to asuras.
  • 37 He does so just to show that He is above all the rest; Sometimes, even Vayu, with the permission of Lord Vishnu, does the same to remind all that he also will obtain the position of Brahma.
  • 38 No one else can ever violate either the boons or the curses of Brahma; Both of them defy the words of Rudra and others when it applies to unqualified people.
  • 39 With regard to the word given to noble people, they will make it come true partially; The words of Lord Vishnu, though, will never go wrong anywhere in no matter; Lord Vishnu takes avataras only to show this truth.
  • 40 Though Sita entered the earth in front of the world, she was actually always residing with Lord Rama without any separation, just like how radiance always stays with the Sun.
  • 41 In this way, Lord Rama, who was entertained by Mahalakshmi, in the form of Sita, performed Ashwamedha and other yajnas and worshiped Himself; He is always completely self-sufficient; Even then, He performed the yajnas in order to teach other kings.
  • 42 Sita at that time was visible only to Lord Rama; She was invisible to all others; In this way, they enjoyed together for 700 years after the episode of (Sita) entering the earth.
  • 43 The activities of Lord Janardana, in the avatara of Rama, are thus uncountable; Apart from Him, no one else, including Brahma, Shiva, Sesha, Indra, other devatas and all others, cannot even think of these activities anytime.
  • 44 When, in this fashion, Lord Rama was ruling the earth making it similar to Brahma Loka, the devatas noticed the glory that earth obtained; Desiring to once again obtain the fame that their worlds are better than the earth, they went to Brahma and narrated all their thoughts.
  • 45 Brahma discussed the issue with the devatas; He too desired that the Lord should return to His world and he sent Rudra to request Lord Rama to return back; Shiva then went to Lord Rama and requested Him.
  • 46 Shiva, who is the destroyer of all, met Lord Rama alone and narrated the words of Brahma, the creator; “Desiring glory for their worlds, Brahma and other devatas have requested you”.
  • 47 “O Lord of everything! The lotus-born Brahma is your son; Therefore, I am your grandson; Noble people accept the words of their grandchildren even if it is not appropriate; Therefore, I am requesting you to ‘return to your world’ with humble salutations”.
  • 48 “The work for which you were requested upon by the devatas and consequently for which you took avatara here, has been achieved completely; Therefore, you please return quickly to your world, in order to give joy to the devatas”.
  • 49 Lord Rama, who listened to all that when alone, immediately said ‘Yes’; At that time, Sage Durvasa, who was another avatara of Shiva, came there as if in a hurry, repeating many times “O Rama! Give me food as I am hungry”.
  • 50 “I do not want food that is already cooked; Nor is the food that is to be cooked acceptable to me”; As soon as Sage Durvasa said thus, Lord Rama produced nectar like food in all four varieties from His hand and offered it; Sage Durvasa consumed it and was very satisfied.
  • 51 Sage Durvasa used to get enraged with everyone with a challenge saying – “No one can satisfy my demands”; He returned satisfied in this way; Lord Rama was the only one who satisified him thus; No one else did.
  • 52 Kunti pleased the sage only because of his own boon; Lord Rama won over the sage even in the form of Lord Krishna due to His natural strength; In this way, once Shiva, both in his original form and in the form of the sage had returned, Lord Rama addressed Lakshmana and said – “You proceed”.
  • 53 When Lord Rama was having a separate discussion with Shiva, He had appointed Lakshmana as His door-keeper.
  • 54 “If you let anybody enter, I will kill you” – Lord Rama had said thus; At that time, when Sage Durvasa came over, Lakshmana started to think.
  • 55, 56 “The challenge of Sage Durvasa has to be broken by meeting Lord Rama only; Otherwise, the sage will cause harm to Lord Rama’s reputation; Even if Lord Rama kills me, He will only show His grace” – thinking thus, Lakshmana let way for Sage Durvasa.
  • 57 Lord Rama had desired to get back to His world; “Let this oath be a route for that” – thinking this way, Lord Rama had personally said “I will kill you”.
  • 58 Thinking that deserting a dear relative is equivalent to killing him, Lord Rama had said – “You immediately get back to your world” to Lakshmana.
  • 59 When Lord Rama said thus, Lakshmana left from there; He meditated on the form of Lord Rama, the One who destroys the darkness of the world; That form of Lakshmana has 1000 heads; The axe and the plough are the weapons; Lakshmana obtained the divine form of the great serpent called Sesha who is the bed for Lord Vishnu, who is sleeping in the milky ocean.
  • 60 Then, Lord Rama also made up His mind to get back to His abode with His subjects; He proclaimed that all those who wished to obtain His imperishable abode should immediately go to Him.