- 161) Since he destroys Kali in this way, he is known as Kalki. ‘Kala’ means knowledge. ‘Ka’ means bliss. Since he possesses knowledge and bliss he is known as Kalki. He shall destroy all the Asuras in a single day.
- 162) Destroying all those who are against Sri Hari and are engaged in Adharma, the horse-riding Kalki shall establish a bridge to Dharma and propagate knowledge and devotion to Sri Vishnu amongst his people.
- 163) These and others are the endless activities, forms and noble qualities of Sri Hari. Being free from all defects at all times, he is known as Brahma and Ananta also by virtue of this.
- 164) Being ordered by Sri Narayana at Badari, Anandatirtha Muni, possessing the name of Poornaprajna, composed this grantha. He is the student of Sri Vyasa, who alone is the lord of the world.
- Note: Sri Madhwacharya visited Sri Veda Vyasa twice at Badari. During the first time, he offered the Brahmasutra Bhashya at the feet of Sri Vyasa who then ordered him to compose a Tatparya Nirnaya on the Bharata. Sri Madhwa composed this present work and offered it at Sri Vyasa’s feet during his second Yatra to Badari.
- 165) Due to the grace of Sri Hari, he possesses complete knowledge of all the Vedas, Pancharatras, Upanishads, Itihasas, Puranas and all other Shastras.
- 166) This work is deterministic of all Shastras. It is especially deterministic of the (Maha)Bharata. He composed this grantha in order to please Sri Hari, the progenitor and Guru of the world.
- 167) There is no other decisive commentary on those Shastra vachanas which appear contradictory at the outset. For this very purpose, Sri Vyasa has composed the Brahma Sutras. However, many wrong commentaries have been written on it by others.
- 168) The message of Sri Hari’s supremacy that is propagated by the Brahma Sutras was masked by the chief Asuras who started preaching non-difference between Jeeva and Ishwara. Therefore, he has composed Bhashya on it and has explained its purport.
- 169) As per the orders of Sri Vyasa, he composed an excellent Bhashya (for the Sutras) and also composed separate Bhashyas for the Upanishads. He justified that all of them (Sutras and Upanishads) propagate the supremacy and uniqueness of Sri Hari.
- 170) This grantha was composed by the third Avatara of Pavana (Vayu) in order to propagate the meaning of the excellent Bharata. The best of the scholars, who are devotees of Sri Hari’s feet, will study this and derive great joy.
- 171) “truteeyamasya vrushabasya dohase. dashapramatim janayanta yoshanah. niryadeem budhnaanmahishasya varpasa. eeshanasah shavasaa kranta soorayah. yadeemanu pradivo madhwa aadhave. guhaasantam matarishvaa mathaayati”
- Note: This the Balittha Sukta – Rig Veda 1/141. This Sukta reveals the three Avataras of Vayu – Hanuman, Bhima and Madhwacharya!
- 172) Through these and other statements, all these have been established. These have occurred in the Puranas and Pancharatra too. All the tales narrated here incorporate the meanings of the Veda, Itihasa and other granthas.
- 173) Therefore this is the King amongst all granthas. This is the instrument for all excellent Dharma and all other Purusharthas including Moksha. What else needs to be said about its other qualities! Sri Narayana shall be pleased with this.
- Note: The study of Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya causes great pleasure to Sriman Narayana.
- 174) The original form of Vayu has three divine forms – so say the Vedas. The original form of Vayu is verily that of strength. It is pervaded by knowledge. It resides in the heart of all Jeevas to sustain them. It is worthy of worship in all the worlds. The Avataras also possess similar knowledge and strength. The first form (of Hanuman) is the one that carries the words of Rama. The second form (of Bhima) destroys the army of the enemy (Kauravas). The third form is known by the name of Madhwa and the present work regarding Sri Keshava is composed by this very form.
- 175) Sri Vishnu, who is complete with all auspicious attributes, and is free from all defects, is my most dear friend. May he, who is always affectionate towards me, be pleased even more!
|| End of chapter 32, known as ‘Pandava Swargarohanam’, from the Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya, composed by Srimadanandatirtha Bhagavatpada ||
|| Sri Raghavendra Tirtha Gurvantargata Sri Bharatiramana Mukhyapranantargata Sri Lakshmi Narayana Preeyataam ||
|| Sri Krishnarpanamastu ||
- 41) Dharmaraja and Arjuna too were followers of Dharma. They, however, had compassion over the world. When Vidura said thus, Dhritharashtra did not feel anger. He remained pleasant minded.
- Note: Although Dharmaraja and Arjuna too were Dharmishtas they kept the niceties of the world in mind. Bhimasena, being the follower of Shuddha Bhagavata Dharma, did not let emotion come in the way of doing what is right.
- 42) In order to rid himself of the debt of his sons, Dhritharashtra performed their Shraddhas and with a pure heart gave great Daanas continuously for ten days.
- 43) The King, possessed of great intellect, offered all his Karma to Sri Krishna. Having obtained the consent of the Pandavas and other relatives he stood ready to go to the forest. He requested the citizens and villagers with tears in his eyes.
- 44) “All of you great souls had been ruled with Dharma by my ancestors. However, I did not take care of you in the same way. Since all of you are compassionate and noble, you never called me out for not having taken care of you, due to your great affection for me”.
- 45-46) “With your help I conducted Yajnas. Many ponds and wells were dug by me. My son, however, was a sinner and fool. He became the reason for the destruction of the Kshatriyas. He doubted everyone. He violated the orders of elders. He forsake brotherly feeling over the noble Pandavas and greatly deceived them, unlike anything anyone had done earlier”.
- 47-48) “Being evil-minded, he did many unpleasant things against Sri Krishna. He foolishly did many bad things to you too. All of his brothers emulated his behavior. Due to their sins, they destroyed themselves along with their children, friends and relatives”.
- 49) “I am old now. I have been pained greatly by my sons. Having misbehaved very badly with Sri Krishna and the Pandavas due to their association, I am now eager to relieve myself (from those sins) by performing Tapas”.
- 50) “Being affectionate towards friends, all of you should permit me to go to the forest. All of you should continue to respect the noble Pandavas just like now. You should continue to treat them well at all times and do so even more for my sake”.
- 51-52) “They are my true sons. They will ensure happiness for me in this world and the other world” – when Dhritharashtra spoke thus, all of them praised his noble qualities loudly and felt great sorrow. The citizens and villagers permitted him to go to the forest after a long time, with great difficulty and tearful eyes. Walking with him, the Pandavas followed him a very long distance”.
- 53) Sanjaya and Vidura, along with Gandhari, followed Dhritharashtra. Kunti, having decided upon Vanavasa, followed him too.
- 54) In spite of being stopped by the grieving Pandavas and their wives, Kunti did not listen. With great difficulty she convinced them and followed the King.
- 55) With Kunti, Vidura and Sanjaya showing him the way, Dhritharashtra, along with Gandhari, reached Kurukshetra. Eventually he reached the divine-worshipped Ashrama of Sri Vyasa, the lord of the world.
- 56) Sage Narada, who arrived there, informed him that he would attain his loka with his wife after three years. Having gained a lot of confidence with that (assurance from Sage Narada), he undertook an excellent Tapas as instructed by Sri Vyasa.
- 57) When the son of Vichitravirya, in the company of Vidura, Gandhari, Kunti and Sanjaya, was worshipping Lord Sri Hari through his Tapas, the Pandavas, with their wives, relatives and servants, came there to see them.
- 58) Then, Vidura merged into Yudhisthira. After that the Pandavas served Dhritharashtra, who was with Gandhari and Sanjaya, and Kunti.
- Note: Yudhisthira and Vidura were both Avataras of Yama. Vidura therefore merged into Dharmaraja and ended his Avatara.
- 59) Sri Hari, in the form of Vyasa, the very essence of unlimited strength, tejas, knowledge, excellent wealth, joy and other attributes, appeared there. As soon as he became visible, all of them worshipped him very well with great devotion.
- 60) Having been worshipped by all of them, Sri Vyasa said – “Whosoever wants whatever they desire, they may inform me. I shall fulfill them now”. When he said thus, the Pandavas, along with their wives, requested him that their devotion may grow further. Kunti requested that the sin she accumulated due to the birth and death of the son of Surya (Karna) be removed.
- 61) When he fulfilled all their wishes, Dhritharashtra consulted his wife and requested the omnipotent one (Sri Vyasa) that he should be able to see all those who were killed in the war.
- 62) Then, as per the orders of Lord Sri Vyasa, all of them came there instantly from Swarga loka. Sri Vyasa gave divine vision to Dhritharashtra. As per the orders of the Supreme One, all of them spent that night in the company of their wives.
- 63) Dhritharashtra, along with his wife and the others, saw that amazing miracle and felt great satisfaction. After that, as per Sri Vyasa’s orders, all the women-folk got together with their husbands and proceeded to Swarga.
- 64) Apart from Uttaraa, all of them went (to Swarga). When the son of Parikshita (Janamejaya) heard this story, he requested to see his father. Sri Vyasa, the one with unfathomable capabilities, immediately brought him from Vaikunta loka.
- Note: Sri Vaishampayana Muni was narrating the story to Janamejaya when this incident occurred. Sri Vyasa was present in that assembly.
- 65) Janamejaya saw his father Parikshita, who had been brought there by Sri Vyasa, and became greatly joyed. He worshipped Sri Vyasa, the one to whom even Brahma and the other Devatas bow, in many ways and sought forgiveness. Along with the other people there, he developed even more faith in the Mahabharata.
- 66) The Pandavas reached their city and ruled the Earth with Dharma. Enjoying comforts that were appropriate, without getting attached to it, they worshipped Sri Krishna, the bearer of the Universe, with devotion.
- 67) At the end of three years, when Dhritharashtra lit his burning pyre with the Oupasana Agni that he had preserved, the Pandavas heard the news that he, along with his wife Gandhari and Kunti, had been burnt in that fire.
- 68) Hearing the news that their elder father had left for Swarga with a modesty-filled face and having stayed in meditation, and that Kunti was united with her husband Pandu and staying happily, the grieving Pandavas performed their post-death rites.
- 69) All of them had performed many extremely pious acts of punya with devotion to Sri Vishnu. They had meditated upon him even during their last moments. They had received all the post-death ceremonies and offerings from the Pandavas, their noble sons. Therefore, they attained permanent, special and abundant bliss.
- 70) Sanjaya approached Sri Vyasa and, through service to him, attained his original form again. The Pandavas, awaiting Sri Krishna’s departure to Parandhama, ruled the Earth.
- 71) Ruling the entire Earth in this way, the noble Pandavas spent eighteen years. They used to enjoy pleasures without giving up on Dharma or Artha. They never gave up remembering the feet of Sri Hari, the one who is without an end temporally, spatially or in terms of auspicious attributes.
|| End of chapter 31, known as ‘Dhritharashtradi Swargaprapti’, from the Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya, composed by Srimadanandatirtha Bhagavatpada ||
|| Sri Krishnarpanamastu ||
- 162) Knowing the opinion of Sri Krishna (on this matter), the Sages praised the many great qualities of Sri Krishna, the Pandavas and the Yajna and condemned it (the mongoose).
- 163-164) Earlier, the Asura, being the presiding deity of anger, had tasted milk kept by Sage Jamadagni for Shraddha in the guise of a mongoose. The Pitru Devatas had then cursed him saying – “May you remain as a mongoose until you berate Dharmaraja and the other Devatas”. Their aim was to ensure terrible Tamas and hence they had cursed thus. Having done so, he went to Tamas.
- Note: Although berating Dharmaraja appears to rid the mongoose from the curse, the abuse of Devatas ensures permanent Tamas, which is wholly appropriate for an Asura like him.
- 165) While it is true that the Daana of wealth by a poor man fetches more punya, what fetches greater punya is always the qualities of the practitioner such as knowledge and devotion.
- 166) Another reason (that fetches punya) is the pleasure of noble people. Sri Hari himself is the best amongst noble. In terms of auspicious qualities, who else is greater or even equal to the Pandavas?
- 167-168) That excellent Yajna which the greatest noble one Sri Vishnu, along with noble Sages and Devatas, is getting done through his most dear Pandavas under his own presence – what other instrument of auspiciousness can be equal to this? The followers of the Paingi branch chant the following appropriate mantra.
- 169) “All the Karma done by those who do not possess devotion in Sri Vishnu gives fragile benefits. The Karma of Sri Vishnu’s devotees fetches infinite punya. There too, more and more punya is obtained as per the order of the Varnas”.
- 170-171) “”Even amongst Vaishnavas, the Karma done by Gandharvas is a hundred times more (better) than those of humans. The Karmas rendered by Pitrus, Munis, Devatas, Indra, Shiva and Brahma are to be understood as being hundred times better than the previous ones in the same order. The Karma performed by Brahma is unmatched by anyone”.
- Note: The Karma of Pitrus is a hundred times better than those of Gandharvas. Munis perform Karma hundred times better than Pitrus. Devatas exceed Munis in Karma by a hundred fold. Similarly, the Karma of Indra is a hundred times more than other Devatas. Shiva exceeds Indra by a hundred times. Brahma performs hundred-fold better Karma than Shiva.
- 172) “Amongst the pile of Jeevas, devotion towards Sri Vishnu keeps increasing in order till Brahma. Even in terms of results obtained for Karma, the pleasure of Sri Vishnu is the main factor and nothing else”.
- 173) Therefore, there is no match for the Karma performed by Pandavas. In terms of knowledge and other auspicious attributes, no one is equal to them. Therefore, that Daitya, being the presiding deity of anger, was a great sinner and, having berated the most Satvika Pandavas, attained Andhantamas.
- 174) Later, in that divine assembly of Devatas and Munis, upon the request of Dharmaraja, Lord Sri Krishna instructed all the Vaishnava Dharmas with utmost pleasure.
- 175) All of them, having listened to all the Dharmas from Sri Krishna, worshipped the lord of the world with excellent and utmost devotion and obtained supreme bliss.
|| End of chapter 30, known as ‘Ashwamedha Kathanam’, from the Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya, composed by Srimadanandatirtha Bhagavatpada ||
|| Sri Krishnarpanamastu ||