Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 30: Part 2

  • 41-42) Dharmaraja said – “O Kali! Although it is your nature to be untrue, you are speaking the truth now. Therefore I am releasing you. You may proceed to destroy Dharma after our lineage ends. Then too, you should give us tax in the form of the four – border of the village, the words of many people, balance and measurements”.
    • Note: Due to this rule imposed by Dharmaraja even today there is a bit of justice left in the concept of borders, voice of the majority, balance and measurements.
  • 43-44) “You shall not violate these rules at any cost” – when Dharmaraja said thus, Sri Krishna said – “Till the progeny of the Pandavas remain, although you shall be present on Earth you shall not have any ability. After the Pandavas, your influence shall keep increasing till Kshemaka”.
  • 45-46) “After Kshemaka, your full strength shall definitely manifest. Till I and the Pandavas are on Earth you may not even glance towards Earth. The question of stepping on it does not arise. After that you may step in”. Saying thus, Sri Krishna got him released from Dharmaraja.
  • 47) Kali bowed to them and entered a cave that was on the other side of the ocean. The Pandavas ruled the land along with Sri Krishna and enjoyed greatly.
  • 48) In this way, having established the Pandavas on the throne, Sri Krishna resided along with Arjuna at Indraprastha and narrated him many tales in order to rid him of the sorrow of his son’s death. Since Arjuna had forgotten the lessons of the Gita, he instructed him in detail (again).
  • 49) “Bharati, Prana and Vasudeva are the three who are omnipresent in this Universe. Only these three possess supremacy. The entire world is under their control. They possess more and more auspicious qualities respectively. All the others are under their control”.
    • Note: Prana or Mukhyaprana possesses more gunas than Bharati and Sri Narayana possesses many more gunas than Prana.
  • 50) “In this way everything is under Sri Hari. There is none other than him who is full of auspicious gunas and omnipotent. Ramaa Devi is greater than Prana. But she is lower than the Lord”.
  • 51) “Since Sri Hari accepts everything that is offered through Yajnas, he is known as Hutasha. He stays inside of Vak and Prana and bears the entire world at all times”.
    • Note: In a yajna or homa, what is offered in the sacrificial fire is ‘huta’. Hence Sri Hari is known as ‘hutasha’. Vak is another name for Bharati Devi.
  • 52) “He is Eshwara. Brahma, Rudra and the others are known as Jeeva. Those who are good devotees of his since eternity qualify for Moksha”.
  • 53-54) “Those who hate Sri Hari since eternity are fit for Tamas. They are great sinners. Those who vacillate between devotion and hatred always rotate in Samsara and are known as ‘mishra’ Jeevas. In this way,  Jeevas are of three types. This never undergoes any change. Through physical and behavioral indicators, the hierarchy of souls must be understood”.
  • 55-56) “Since Sri Vishnu always graces Jeevas based on these indicators, Jeevas must always be understood as per hierarchy. Pleasing Sri Vishnu and his devotees is Dharma. Everything else is Adharma. This is the purport of Shastras. What is the use of grieving?” – Sri Krishna instructed Arjuna with these and other Tattvas and was greatly honored by the Pandavas.
  • 57) Having somehow convinced the Pandavas who followed him for very long, Sri Krishna proceeded towards Dwaraka in his chariot along with Subhadra.
  • 58) On the way, when Sage Udanka, who woke up from his state of samadhi, asked him, Sri Krishna told him about the death of Duryodhana along with his brothers, children and soldiers.
  • 59) When Sage Udanka got ready to curse him upon the hearing the news of his shishya’s death, Sri Krishna showed him his Vishwaroopa and consoled him with wise words.
  • 60-61) “Being a great devotee of mine, he is always engaged in my worship. Let him not attain eternal hell by insulting me” – thinking thus Sri Krishna instructed him with wise words out of compassion. Sage Udanka attained a calm mind. Repenting greatly, he took refuge in Sri Krishna with an atoned heart.
  • 62) Deva Sri Krishna assured him of safety and said – “I shall send Indra to give you Amruta” and proceeded towards Dwaravati.
  • 63) Later Sri Vasudeva ordered Indra saying – “Provide Amruta to the Sage”. Indra apologized to Sri Krishna and said that he would deceive the Sage.
  • 64) Out of affection for Indra, Sri Krishna said – “Allright”. Indra then took on the guise of an intolerable Matanga and went to Sage Udanka.
  • 65) Indra, holding the vessel of Amruta near his urinary organ and acting as if he was urinating, told the Sage – “O Maharshi! Sri Krishna has sent this Amruta for you. Please have it”.
  • 66) Sage Udanka mistook it for urine and shouted at Indra saying – “Get lost”. In this way, Indra deceived him and returned to his loka with a contended mind.
  • 67) Amruta is an extraordinary food meant for Devatas who greatly dislike it being drunk by others.
  • 68) Sri Krishna considered the whole incident as acceptable since Sage Udanka had lost the opportunity due to his own fault, even after his blessing.
  • 69) Sri Krishna reached Dwaraka and was accorded respect by the Yadavas. In the gathering of all Yadavas, Sri Keshava narrated the news of the Kurukshetra war to Vasudeva.
  • 70) When Sri Krishna was narrating the incidents of the war, Subhadra noticed that he did not narrate the story of Abhimanyu’s death and requested him with reverence to do so. Sri Janardana then narrated that incident (too).
  • 71) Then, Vasudeva and the others felt great sorrow. They got together with Sri Krishna and performed Shraddha, Dana and many other rituals .
  • 72) In this way, when Sri Krishna, the lord of the world, was staying at Dwaraka, Yudhisthira desired to perform the Ashwamedha Yajna. He however could not find the necessary wealth.
  • 73) The compassionate Dharmaraja did not wish to extract tax from the remaining Kshatriyas. At the same time, he did not wish to perform the Yajna on a moderate scale.
  • 74-76) Sri Vyasa, who is omniscient at all times, understood his concern and appeared in front of him. “Where the peak of Himavat mountain meets the peak of the Meru mountain Sri Hari, although completely rid of the bondage of Karma, had performed a Yajna focusing on the indestructible self for the sake of instructing the world. At that location, Shiva and the other Devatas, King of the Maruts and a Danava by name Vrushaparva worship him. There is great wealth at that location”.
  • 77) “Therefore, worship Sri Hari in the form of Sri Parashurama as present in Shankara and, after obtaining his permission, bring that wealth and perform the Yajna” – when Sri Vyasa said thus, Bhima too addressed the King.
  •  78) “Sri Parashurama, the lord of all, is verily the deity for wealth. He resides inside of Shiva and is the presiding deity for wealth that is obtained through Yajnas”.
  • 79) “It is Sri Vishnu who granted that excellent astra to Arjuna. All our other goals too will be fulfilled only due to him”.
  • 80) “That Vishnu is the one who grants the position of Brahma, Rudra, Indra and the others. He is the lord of everything and is independent. He is the one who manifests everyone as per his wishes”.

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