Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 11: Part 2

  • 41 “O auspicious lady! If the true reason can befall my ears, do let me know” – When he requested thus, she narrated everything to him and left.
  • 42 Once their true form is revealed, it is not Dharma for Devatas to stay for long amidst humans; Devatas stay amongst humans only for special reasons.
  • 43, 44 Once they complete that reason, they immediately leave; That is how their Dharma is; Even when they are born as humans, they will be sometimes invisible, will not be touched by anyone, and not talk much to anyone – that is the secret Dharma of Devatas; Therefore, even though Shantanu was her first husband Varuna himself, she left him and went back to Varuna Loka.
  • 45 Having given up the job of killing, she obtained the permission of her husband and left along with her eighth son and handed over that son to Brihaspati.
  • 46 Devavrata, having been left with Brihaspati for learning purposes by his mother, studied all the Vedas for fifty years, while having fully placed his heart with the Guru.
  • 47 After that his mother left him with Lord Parashurama, the One superior to all in the world, the One who is propagated by the infinite Vedas, the One who is the ocean of all auspicious attributes, the One who is the Lord of the Bhrigu lineage; Devavrata listened to all the truth revealing shastras for fifty years from Him.
  • 48 After that, Devavrata studied the art of weapons for another twenty five years from Lord Parashurama, the Lord of the Bhrigu lineage; After that, his mother brought him to her banks in order to hand him over to his father.
  • 49 Devavrata stopped the flow of the river Ganga with a maze of arrows and rested there; Shantanu, who came there to quench his thirst during hunting, was surprised to see Ganga dried up.
  • 50 Shantanu then started searching for the reason behind that; He then saw his son resting there with his weapons; As soon as he saw his father, Devavrata became invisible.
  • 51 When Shantanu was thus engaged in thinking, Ganga brought the son to him and said thus while handing him over – “He is your son; He knows the best of the astras; He is full of valor and strength; I shall hand him over to you”.
  • 52 “His older brothers have left their bodies in my waters, which are purified by the lotus feet of Lord Hari, and have joined their original forms; Do not grieve over them; Stay happily with him”.
  • 53 In this way, Ganga handed him over and went invisible; Shantanu went home along with him; Later, he coronated him as the crown prince and, fully satisfied with his noble attributes, enjoyed immensely.
  • 54 Having obtained the permission of his father, Devavrata studied the Vedas under Brihaspati for a duration equal to half a man’s lifetime; Similarly, he studied the astras once again under Lord Parashurama for the same duration and then studied the tattvas under Him for a duration of 300 years, as per human measurement of time.
  • 55 Devavrata obtained expertise over all skills from Lord Parashurama, the Lord of all knowledge and the ocean of all attributes; He then went to his father and happily served him.
  • 56 Around the same time when Ganga had given birth to the eighth child, Shantanu had once been to the forest for hunting and had seen twin children, one boy and the other girl, born without having stayed in a womb and fathered and then deserted by Sage Sharadvan.
  • 57 Once when Sage Sharadvan was performing penance, he had seen Urvashi by mistake; Then, he had ejaculated and that had fallen into the woods.
  • 58 Vishkambha, one of the Rudras, was born that way in order to serve Lord Hari in His activity of reducing the earth’s burden; Similarly, the wife of Brihaspati, Taraa, was also born.
  • 59, 60, 61 Seeing both of them, Shantanu took them home out of compassion; Since they had received his kripa (compassion), he named them Kripa and Kripi; Kripa performed a penance to appease Lord Vishnu; Then, Lord Vishnu, the Lord of all worlds, became pleased with him and made him one of the Sapta Rishis for the next Manvantara; He also granted him life till the end of the Manu Kalpa; Kripa stayed in Shantanu’s house and became Devavrata’s friend.
  • 62, 63 Kripa was like a son to Shantanu; He too took care of the twins just like his own children; Kripa learnt astras from Sage Koushika (Vishwamitra); He studied all the Vedas and also learnt all the Shastras; Similarly, he learnt the true philosophy from Lord Vyasa and obtained the knowledge of everything.
  • 64 Around the time Kripa was born, Sage Bharadhwaja, the son of Brihaspati, once went to the river Ganga for bathing; There, he saw Ghritachi, the woman of joy for the best Devatas, when her silk dress slipped down.
  • 65 Due to her sight, he ejaculated and placed the semen in a Drona (bowl); From that, Brihaspati, along with the avesha of the lotus-born Brahma, was born in order to serve Lord Hari in His work of reducing the weight on this earth.
  • 66 The father named him as ‘Drona’; Along with the entire shastras, he made him study all the Vedas; He too quickly obtained expertise over all subjects.
  • 67 Around the same time, Prushata, the king of Panchala, who did not have any progeny, was performing a big penance in the woods; He then saw an excellent apsara and immediately his semen flowed out.
  • 68 Due to embarassment, he hid it with his feet; A son was born to him out of it; He was a singer of Brahma named Hoohoo; He also had the presence of one of the Maruts called Avahana.
  • 69 He learnt all the Vedas, astras and all other knowledge from Sage Bharadhwaja, the father of Drona, along with Drona himself; Once he told the guru-putra Drona thus – “Let us rule the kingdom together”.
  • 70 Since he was hidden by the feet, he was named as ‘Drupada’; Later, he obtained the kingdom as well; Drona married Kripi, who was by origin his wife as well and, having given up even receiving of alms, he led a peaceful life in the city.
  • 71 Following the excellent dharma of Shila and Uncha, he lived a pure life in Hastinapura without any defects; And he became a friend of Devavrata and Kripa.
  • Note: The dharma in which remaining pulses and cereals are collected from fields after the farmers have harvested their crops is known as Shiloncha Vrutti.
  • 72 King Virata was also of the same age as these; He was by origin a singer in Brahma’s court by name Hahaa; He also had the presence of a Marut called Vivaha; He was engaged in the dharma that was appropriate for him.
  • 73 Once, when King Shantanu went hunting, he saw an excellent lady; She was the daughter of Pitrus in her previous life and she had performed an excellent penance for a long time to please Lord Vishnu.
  • 74 Lord Vishnu had given her a boon saying – “I shall be born as your son”; She was born to Vasu and was brought up in Daasharaja’s home; Lord Vishnu took avatara in the form of Vyasa in her.
  • 75 Shantanu developed a liking for her after seeing her and he asked Daasharaja to give her to him; Daasharaja did not desire to give her to him unless her son was given the Kingdom; After that, Shantanu returned to his home.
  • 76 Noticing the face of his father being very dull with her thought, Devavrata immediately asked his charioteer the reason for the same; After getting to know everything, he went to Daasharaja’s house.
  • 77 In order to make Daasharaja believe, Devavrata took an oath stating – “I shall not rule the Kingdom; Similarly, there is no need to fear that my progeny shall rule the Kingdom; I shall always remain celibate”.
  • 78 Devatas named him as “Bhishma” due to the tough vow that he had undertaken and showered flowers on him; Devavrata brought Satyavati over and handed her to his father.
  • 79 Bhishma married her off to his father knowing fully well that she was the daughter of a King, full of auspicious attributes and excellent one, and was also the mother of Lord Vishnu, the One who is Satya himself, and was known in the world as Satyavati.
  • 80 “Since the mind of noble people does not usually wander in the path of sin, if my mind has gone towards her, she has definitely been brought up in the home of Daasharaja (and not born to her)” – knowing thus, the noble Shantanu, who is always in the path of Dharma, accepted her.

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