Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 2: Part 4

पिताऽसि लोकस्य चराचरस्य त्वमस्य पूज्यश्च गुरुर्गरीयान् ।
न त्वत्समोऽस्त्यभ्यधिकः कुतोऽन्यो लोकत्रयेऽप्यप्रतिमप्रभाव । २.८६ ।

86 “You are the father of the sentient and insentient world; You are worthy of worship; You are the One who gives noble advice and you are the best teacher; You have incomparable wealth and in all the three worlds, there is none who is equal to You, let alone greater than You” (Arjuna – Bhagavadgita – 11/43)

परं भूयः प्रवक्ष्यामि ज्ञानानां ज्ञानमुत्तमम् ।
यज्ज्ञात्वा मुनयः सर्वे परां सिद्धिमितो गताः । २.८७ ।

87 “Amongst those that are worthy of being known, I shall tell you about one thing that is the best; Having known that, all those who indulge in contemplation shall attain liberation” (Lord Krishna – Bhagavadgita)

ममयोनिर्महद्ब्रह्म तस्मिन् गर्भं दधाम्यहम् ।
सम्भवः सर्वभूतानां ततो भवति भारत । २.८८ ।

88 “O Bharata! Mahalakshmi is my consort; I place the seed of creation in her womb; After that all the living beings are born” (Lord Krishna – Bhagavadgita)

द्वाविमौ पुरुषौ लोके क्षरश्चाक्षर एव च ।
क्षरः सर्वाणि भूतानि कूटस्थोऽक्षर उच्यते । २.८९ ।
उत्तमः पुरुषस्त्वन्यः परमात्मेत्युदाहृतः ।
यो लोकत्रयमाविश्य बिभर्त्यव्यय ईश्वरः । २.९० ।
यस्मात्क्षरमतीतोऽहमक्षरादपि चोत्तमः ।
अतोऽस्मि लोके वेदे च प्रथितः पुरुषोत्तमः । २.९१ ।
यो मामेवमसम्मूढो जानाति पुरुषोत्तमम् ।
स सर्वविद्भजति मां सर्वभावेन भारत । २.९२ ।
इति गुह्यतमं शास्त्रमिदमुक्तं मयाऽनघ ।
एतद्बुद्ध्वा बुद्धिमान् स्यात्कृतकृत्यश्च भारत । २.९३ ।

89-93 “In this Universe, there are two kinds of beings; All the sentient beings are ‘Kshara’; Mahalakshmi who is formless just like the sky is ‘Akshara’; He who is different and better than these Kshara and Akshara beings has been termed as ‘Paramatma’; He is the most capable One and he enters the three worlds and bears them; In this way, by being different from Kshara and better than even Akshara, I have been known in all Vedas and shastras as ‘Purushottama’; The one, without any illusion, knows me thus as the Purushottama, will be known as the truly knowledgeable person and will serve me in all manners; O sinless Bharata! I have revealed the most secret knowledge to you; One who understands this will obtain direct knowledge and be liberated” (Lord Krishna – Bhagavadgita – Chapter 15)

द्वौ भूतसर्गौ लोकेऽस्मिन् दैव आसुर एव च ।
दैवो विस्तरशः प्रोक्त आसुरं पार्थ मे शृणु । २.९४ ।

94 “O Partha! In this world, living beings have two kinds of inherent nature within them; I have already explained the Daiva nature to you; I shall now explain the nature of Asuras (evil); Listen” (Lord Krishna – Bhagavadgita)

असत्यमप्रतिष्ठं ते जगदाहुरनीश्वरम् ।
ईश्वरोऽहमहं भोगी सिद्धोऽहं बलवान् सुखी । २.९५ ।

95 “This world is unreal; unestablished; without a Supreme One; not having a cause-result connection; desire is the main cause of creation” (Lord Krishna – Bhagavadgita)

ईश्वरोऽहमहं भोगी सिद्धोऽहं बलवान् सुखी । २.९५ ।
मामात्मपरदेहेषु प्रद्विषन्तोऽभ्यसूयकाः

“With this kind of an outlook, they becomes knowledge-less, with the mindset of indulging in petty things, performing terrifying activities, and take birth in various yugas and perform activities detrimental to the world; I am the Supreme One, the possessor of all kinds of wealth, sinless, most capable, eternally blissful; who else exists in this Universe like me?; They hate Me who is inside of them and all others and they feel jealous” (Lord Krishna – Bhagavadgita)

तानहं द्विषतः क्रूरान् सं सारेषु नराधमान् ।
क्षिपाम्यजस्रमशुभानासुरीष्वेव योनिषु । २.९६ ।
आसुरीं योनिमापन्ना मूढा जन्मनि जन्मनि ।
मामप्राप्यैव कौन्तेय ततो यान्त्यधमां गतिम् । २.९७ ।

96-97 “Those lowly beings, who are constantly hateful of others and are cruel and inauspicious, I put them into this world again and again; I cause them to be born in the wombs of evil always; These people of tamasic nature will be born in evil wombs birth after birth and will never attain me and will surely attain the lowest worlds (Tamas)” (Lord Krishna – Bhagavadgita)

सर्वभूतेषु येनैकं भावमव्ययमीक्षते ।
अविभक्तं विभक्तेषु तज्ज्ञानं विद्धि सात्विकम् । २.९८ ।

98 “That knowledge which teaches that the Lord is unique and different from all and yet resides in all as the very basis of all sentient and insentient beings is known as Satvik knowledge.” (Lord Krishna – Bhagavadgita)

सर्वगुह्यतमं भूयः शृणु मे परमं वचः ।
इष्टोऽसि मे दृढमिति ततो वक्ष्यामि ते हितम् । २.९९ ।
मन्मना भव मद्भक्तो मद्याजी मां नमस्कुरु ।
मामेवैष्यसि सत्यं ते प्रतिजाने प्रियोऽसि मे । २.१०० ।

99-100 “Listen to My words which is a secret and is the best amongst all tools; You are very dear to me; This is certain; Therefore, I am revealing that which is good to you. Place your mind in Me; Become My devotee; Perform yagnas for My sake; Bow to Me; You shall attain Me; You are dear to Me; Therefore I take oath and narrate the truth to you” (Lord Krishna – Bhagavadgita)

पञ्चरात्रस्य कृत्स्नस्य वक्ता नारायणः स्वयम् ।
सर्वेष्वेतेषु राजेन्द्र ज्ञानेष्वेतद्विशिष्यते । २.१०१ ।

101 The entire Pancharatra has been narrated by Lord Narayana Himself; This is superior to all other Shastras, O King! (Mahabharata – Shanti Parva)

ज्ञानेष्वेतेषु राजेन्द्र साङ्ख्यपाण्सुपतादिषु ।
यथायोगं यथान्यायं निष्ठा नारायणः परः । २.१०२ ।

102 O King! The other shastras like Sankhya, Pashupata and others are acceptable only to the extent where their statements are in accordance (to the Pancharatra) and have been interpreted with the reference (of the Pancharatra) to establish the supremacy of Lord Narayana. (Mahabharata – Shanti Parva)

पञ्चरात्रविदो मुख्या यथाक्रमपरा नृप ।
एकान्तभावोपगता वासुदेवं विशन्ति ते । २.१०३ ।

103 O King! Those who know the Pancharatra are the principals; They obtain the knowledge of the hierarchy of souls and will obtain undiluted devotion to Him and will enter Vasudeva. (Mahabharata – Shanti Parva)

(जनमेजय उवाच)
बहवः पुरुषा ब्रह्मन्नुताहो एक एव तु ।
को ह्यत्र पुरुषण्स्रेष्ठस्तं भवान् वक्तुमर्हति । २.१०४ ।

104 Janamejaya said “O Brahman! Are chetanas many? Or are they all One? Who is the best amongst them? Kindly reveal Him to me” (Mahabharata)

वैशम्पायन उवाच
नैतदिच्छन्ति पुरुषमेकं कुरुकुलोद्वह ।
बहूनां पुरुषाणां हि यथैका योनिरुच्यते ।
तथा तं पुरुषं विश्वमाख्यास्यामि गुणाधिकम् । २.१०५ ।

105 Vaishampayana said “O Jewel of the Kuru clan! Knowledgeable people will not accept the argument that the soul is one; Just like there is just one cause behind the birth of many purushas, similarly Lord Vishnu, who is complete and is overflowing with auspicious attributes, exists; Thus I would say” (Mahabharata)

आह ब्रह्मैतमेवार्थं महादेवाय पृच्छते ।
तस्यैकस्य ममत्वं हि स चैकः पुरुषो विराट् । २.१०६ ।

106 Brahma also told Rudra the same thing when questioned “That ego which causes possessiveness is apt only for Lord Vishnu; He is independent, full of attributes and Supreme”

अहं ब्रह्मा चाऽद्य ईशः प्रजानां
तस्माज्जातस्त्वं च मत्तः प्रसूतः ।
मत्तो जगत्स्थावरं जङ्गमं च
सर्वे वेदा सरहस्याण्स्च पुत्र । २.१०७ ।

107 “Dear Son! I, the first amongst people and the Lord of all, was also born from Him; You came about from me; This entire sentient and insentient world was created by me; It was by me that all the Vedas and Upanishads were propagated”

तथैव भीमवचनं धर्मजं प्रत्युदीरितम् ।
ब्रह्मेशानादिभिः सर्वैः समेतैर्यद्गुणां शकः ।
नावसाययितुं शक्यो व्याचक्षाणैश्च सर्वदा । २.१०८ ।

108 Bhimasena’s words to Dharmaraja is also along similar lines “Even if Brahma, Rudra and others get together and continuously narrate, they wouldn’t be capable of describing even a fraction of one attribute of Lord Hari completely and satisfactorily..

स एष भगवान् कृष्णो नैव केवलमानुषः ।
यस्य प्रसादजो ब्रह्मा रुद्रश्च क्रोधसम्भवः । २.१०९ ।

109 “..That Supreme Lord is this Krishna Himself; He is not an ordinary human; Even Brahma was born due to His grace; Rudra was born due to His anger”

वचनं चैव कृष्णस्य ज्येष्ठं कुन्तीसुतं प्रति ।
रुद्रं समाण्स्रिता देवा रुद्रो ब्रह्माणमाण्स्रितः ।
ब्रह्मा मामाण्स्रितो नित्यं नाहं किञ्चिदुपाण्स्रितः । २.११० ।

110 Lord Krishna’s words towards the eldest son of Kunti is also similar “Devatas always resort to Rudra; Shiva always resorts to Brahma; Brahma always resorts to My grace; I am not under anybody’s refuge”

यथाSश्रितानि ज्योतीं षि ज्योतिः श्रेष्ठं दिवाकरम् ।
एवं मुक्तगणाः सर्वे वासुदेवमुपाण्स्रिताः ” । २.१११ ।

111 “Just like how Jyotis are always under the refuge of Diwakara (Sun), similarly all the liberated souls are forever dependent upon Lord Vasudeva”

भविष्यत्पर्वगं चापि वचो व्यासस्य सादरम् ।
वासुदेवस्य महिमा भारते निर्णयोदितः । २.११२ ।
तदर्थास्तु कथाः सर्वा नान्यार्थं वैष्णवं यशः ।
तत्प्रतीपं तु यद्दृश्येन्न तन्मम मनीषितम् । २.११३ ।

119, 120 Even in the Bhavishyat Parva, the decisive statements of Lord Veda Vyasa are similar “The greatness of Lord Vasudeva has been decisively stated in the Mahabharata; All the other stories have been narrated with this in mind; The stories narrating the greatness of Lord Vishnu do not have any other reason for being stated; If there is anything that goes against the Supremacy of Lord Vishnu, then that is not my position” 

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