Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 14: Part 1

  • 1) Lord Krishna released his parents from the prison. Even though He is worshipped by all, he offered salutations to His parents along with Balarama, in order to ensure the compliance of Dharma of this world. He gave the kinship to Ugrasena. He then underwent upanayana samskara and bid farewell to Nanda.
  • 2) Nanda, who was pacified with conciliatory words and sent off by Lord Krishna, placed the thoughts of the lotus-feet of the Lord in his heart and left the place with great difficulty, along with all his gopas. He resided in Vrundavana along with his wife, always immersed in the dhyana of Lord Krishna.
  • 3) Lord Krishna, along with Balarama, approached a brahmana by name Sandipini, who was residing in Avantipura. He learnt all the Vedas and other subjects upon being told (taught) once by the brahmana. Although He is the very embodiment of infinite knowledge, He did thus in order to become a (role) model to the devatas.
  • 4) Lord Krishna underwent the stay in the gurukula only in order to establish and highlight the dharma that when devatas take avatara amongst humans, they behave like humans and do not exhibit (fully) their knowledge and other guNas and also undergo learning and other activities.
  • 5) Lord Krishna, the Lord of ramaa, brought back to life the dead son of his Guru. He then returned to Mathura along with Balarama. Joining with the rest of the relatives, He was constantly being worshipped by the city dwellers. He lived there while always satisfying the desires of His parents.
  • 6) All those residents of Mathura who were earlier greatly pained due to Kamsa obtained Lord Krishna as their master and greatly rejoiced. When these noble people were themselves joyed in such a way, then what more to say about the joy of the parents who obtained Lord Hari Himself as their son!
  • 7) When prosperity abounds in those places where those who have taken refuge in Lord Krishna reside, what more to say of the place where He himself was residing! When He stayed, a forest like Vrundavana itself had flourished like Indrapuri. What then to say about the city where He was staying!
  • 8) Isn’t it only because the best in the Universe, Lord Vishnu, resides in there that Brahma Loka has obtained the greatness that it has! Similarly, due to the residence of Lord Krishna, the city of Mathura was filled with prosperous people.
  • 9) In this way, when Lord Krishna, the lord of the three worlds, was protecting all the Yadavas, the two daughters of Jarasandha, the King of Magadha, who went by the names of Asti and Prasti, went to their father and explained how their husband Kamsa was killed by Lord Krishna.
  • 10) Jarasandha, the King of Magadha, due to his excessive strength and power had become invincible in battle in all worlds. Due to the boons given by Brahma, Rudra and Durvasa Muni, he had not been defeated and couldn’t be killed. He had won the world. As soon as he listened to it, he got enraged.
  • 11) Due to extreme anger, he became troubled and picked up an amazing mace given to him by Shiva. Jarasandha was respected greatly by the devotees of Shiva. He had complete knowledge of all Shaiva agamas, and had great faith in them. He threw that maze a hundred yojanas with Lord Krishna, the Supreme Being, as the target in mind.
  • 12) But that mace fell short of Mathura by 1 yojana. When Kamsa had asked him, Narada, the muni of the devatas, had, for pleasing Lord Hari, described the distance of Mathura as one hundred yojanas instead of a hundred and one yojanas. This was the reason (for the failure of the mace to hit Mathura).
  • 13) Even though Lord Hari was capable of destroying that mace, deeming that it was appropriate to perform service to the Lord on that occasion, Sage Narada had purposely (played with words and) described the distance of Mathura lesser by one yojana when the King of Magadha had asked him.
  • 14) That mace, though it was thrown with the intention of hitting the paramatma, hit a man-eating rakshasi by name Jara, the one who joined the two separated pieces of his (Jarasandha’s) body. The mace, as per the orders of the Lord, then deserted Jarasandha and returned to Kailasa, the abode of Shiva.
  • 15) King Jarasandha, in this way, lost both his mother and his mace. Out of extreme anger, he gathered all the Kings and assembled an army of 23 akshouhinis. Intoxicated with arrogance and pride, he marched towards Mathura, the abode of Lord Krishna.
  • 16) Having surrounded the city from all sides, that evil-minded Jarasandha sent two brothers named Vinda and Anuvinda as his messengers to Lord Krishna. The two of them delivered the arrogance-filled message of Jarasandha which was full of mockery towards the Lord.
  • 17) “I did not realize that, in this world, You alone are the personification of the famed strength and valor. I failed to grasp the essence of the strength and courage that You will develop in future. Being valor-less, I gave away two of my daughters to Kamsa in marriage. He has been killed by You”
  • 18) “In this way, I, the one who is most weak, desire to see You, the One who is the best amongst those with strength, after which I shall leave for Tapovana along with my two daughters, without any valor. Therefore, You please become visible (to me)”
  • 19) Having heard those unacceptable, objectionable, statements of Jarasandha, which were full of arrogance due to the ego of strength, Lord Krishna said “That’s true” which were meaningful and excellent indeed! He gave a smile and left for war along with Balarama.
  • 20) Lord Krishna deployed His army under the leadership of Satyaki on the other three fronts, and having done so, Lord Krishna, the One who is the best, the One who is the Lord of all, joined Balarama in the northern front and went ahead to fight with Jarasandha, who was accompanied by the best of the Kings.

Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 13: Part 7

  • 121) All the men there, and the groups of devatas in the sky, started praising Lord Krishna, the One who is the best amongst even the excellent ones. Then, in a similar fashion, mushTika also fell down dead after his head was smashed by the firm fist of Balarama.
  • 122) Thereafter, two wrestlers named kooTa and kOsala were killed by Lord Krishna, and another wrestler named chala was killed by Balarama. Kamsa’s brothers namely Suneetha and others were killed by Balarama with the parigha weapon.
  • 123) Having witnessed the destruction of his people by the two of them, the sinner Kamsa ordered his army, which was invincible and full of valor due to the boon of Shiva by saying “Throw these two out and punish them severely” and sent them (the army).
  • 124) Upon hearing their King’s orders, that invincible army of 21 akshouhinis took up various weapons and surrounded Lord Krishna, the One with infinite strength – it was just like how a pack of foxes keep a lion in their midst.
  • 125) Knowing fully well that Lord Krishna has infinite strength and is the Lord of all, Mahendra (Indra) still sent his own chariot full of weapons to the Best amongst all, as a service to Him. It was just like how people fill the ocean with arghya though it is already full of water.
  • 126) Climbing that chariot of His, that which was sent by Indra and driven by Matali, Lord Krishna destroyed the entire army of Kamsa with numerous weapons, just like how Sun destroys darkness with his sharp rays.
  • 127) When his entire army was thus destroyed, Kamsa picked up his sword and shield and wished to face Lord Krishna. At that very time, he saw the brave Lord Krishna rushing towards his high seat in order to pounce on him.
  • 128) Lord Krishna started circling Kamsa without giving him any chance just like a preying eagle. Lord Krishna pulled him and held him in His hands. Holding Kamsa’s hair with this left hand, He hit his head with the right hand.
  • 129) Due to that hit from Lord Krishna, Kamsa’s crown slipped. His ear-rings fell down. His chest ornaments fell down on the ground and his cloth slipped from the waist. The situation of Kamsa who was caught at the hands of Lord Krishna, who was Narasimha Himself, was very pitiable.
  • 130) Lord Krishna, the Lord of Devatas and the One with infinite strength, dragged down Kamsa from his royal seat. Kamsa, the one who had never lost to anyone, the one who had extreme valor and strength and the one who was protected by the boons of Brahma and Rudra, fell down on the ground. Lord Krishna kicked him with both His legs.
  • 131) Lord Hari’s bandhu ‘Vayu’ who was residing in Kamsa’s body, left him and took refuge in the body of Lord Krishna. Another sinful daitya who was in the same body was dragged by Lord Krishna even as Brahma and other devatas were watching.
  • 132) Due to his hatred of Lord Hari, the primordial Guru of the entire universe, the evil minded Kamsa joined those others such as Putana who were already eliminated, and went to Andhantamas. In the same way, other haters of Lord Hari will also always end up in Tamas.
  • 133) If one does not have devotion in Lord Hari, then even if he has extreme devotion to Brahma, Rudra and other devatas and even if he is an ocean of all dharmas, as per the purport of all shastras, such a person will definitely reach Andhantamas which is full of sorrow without a trace of comfort and from where there is no return.
  • 134) On the other hand, one who knows Lord Hari with a firm mind as the One who is the Lord of Brahma Rudra and others, as the One who is the reason behind creation, sustenance, destruction and salvation at all times, as the One who alone is independent and as the One who is the Lord of even Mahalakshmi, such a person will attain liberation.
  • 135) Therefore one should always chant the name of Lord Hari with firmness and great devotion, after knowing that the Lord of ramaa is full of infinite auspicious attributes, that He is free from all defects, and that the group of devatas are devotees of Him albeit in gradation (i.e. their devotion is proportional to their position in the hierarchy or taratamya)
  • 136) Lord Krishna, after having killed Kamsa with His own capability, enjoyed greatly the shower of praises and flowers by Brahma, Rudra and other devatas.
  • 137) It is only from the point of view of the material world that one says Lord Hari felt joyous as He is always the personification of happiness. It is just like saying the Sun has risen even though the Sun remains the same always.
  • 138) Lord Hari is an ocean of infinite knowledge and happiness. He is of an excellent form which is always shining. He is free from all defects. He is verily the personification of auspicious attributes.

|| End of chapter 13, known as ‘Kamsa Vadha’, from the Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya, composed by Srimadanandatirtha Bhagavatpada ||

|| Sri Krishnaarpanamastu ||

Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 13: Part 6

  • 101) Lord Krishna granted both of them all their desires in abundance in this world, and saroopya mukti as boon in the other world. Thereafter, He started walking in the raajamaarga and saw a woman with a bent back (trivakra), carrying gandha that was fit for use by kings.
  • 102) As soon as He asked, Trivakra immediately gave Him all the gandha. Lord Krishna, along with his elder brother, applied all the gandha upon themselves. He immediately straightened her back as a blessing. After being prayed upon repeatedly, Lord Krishna said “I will come at a suitable time” and left the place with a charming smile.
  • 103) Lord Krishna, the One who was the resort for even the full moon and its group (of stars), the One who stole (everyones) hearts due to his radiance, the One who had radiance which exceeded that of numerous excellent suns, the One who had a body which was happiness itself, the One who was wearing peetaambara, the One who was wearing gold-like beautiful garlands, the One who was the ocean of beauty, the One who was the ocean of infinite auspicious attributes, walked on that raajamaarga!
  • 104) Lord Krishna reached the weapons-store. Lord Krishna, the One who is perfect eternally and One who is full of infinite strength, then lifted the bow which was given by Shiva and was never strung by anyone. He lifted that bow of Kamsa forcefully, and brought it near his chest and broke it into two right in the middle even as He was stringing it.
  • 105) That bow, which was till date unbroken by even the suras and asuras, made a terrible sound as soon as it broke, as if brahmanda itself had cracked. Even though Kamsa was very courageous, he lost all his energy as soon as he heard the sound, and fell down on the ground.
  • 106) Having destroyed the entire army that was sent by Kamsa, Lord Krishna along with Balarama joined the group of Nandas and others. He spent the night as willing, after consuming rice along with milk.
  • 107) Kamsa’s heart started pounding heavily out of extreme fear. Early in the morning, he seated himself on a high pedestal in the midst of the group of (other) kings. Numerous people from the land, and town, seated themselves in smaller seats along with their wives.
  • 108) Kamsa placed a big elephant called Kuvalayapeeda along with its mahout at the entrance of the stadium. Inside of the stadium he placed valorous wrestlers like Chanoora, Mushtika and others and desired to control Lord Krishna. What a surprise!
  • 109) Kamsa had an intolerable army which was 20 akshouhinis in size. It was extremely strong and due to the boon of Shiva it was invincible (by others). He also had a younger brother called Suneetha, who was an asura named Vruka in his previous life.
  • 110) In his previous life, Kamsa had 7 brothers, all of whom had taken birth as his brothers now too. They had joined the army and were inside the stadium. These great sinners saw Lord Krishna and Balarama entering the stadium, and possessed their weapons intending to win the battle against the Lord.
  • 111) On the other hand, Lord Krishna, after the sun rose, joined Balarama and others, and approached the main entrance of the stadium, while being worshiped by devatas, in order to eliminate the asuras. Lord Krishna is the most valorous One. He possessed extreme strength and was capable of doing all things extremely well.
  • 112) Lord Krishna, the best guru of the world, arrived there and saw the powerful elephant, which was protected by the boon of Shiva, standing there. Seeing it at the entrance of the evil Kamsa’s stadium, he addressed the mahout and said “O sinner! vacate this place quickly”
  • 113) Having been condemned in that way by the most-capable Lord Krishna, that mahout, whose ego had bloated due to Shiva’s boon, and who had become incapable of being killed by anyone, directed the elephant and made it rush against Lord vAsudEva, the One with endless greatness!
  • 114) Lord Krishna played around with the elephant for a while; He then held its trunk, pulled it to the ground, stomped on its chest and pulled out both its tusks. He hit the mahout with those tusks; The mahout (too) died.
  • 115) Lord Krishna, having killed that elephant, which was invincible, along with its mahout, placed the tusks on his shoulders. Lord Krishna, the One who has natural and infinite strength and is without any defects, was joined by his elder brother Balarama; Having been decorated with the blood of that elephant, he entered the midst of the stadium.
  • 116) As soon as Lord Krishna, the personification of strength and valor, and the chief Guru of the world entered the stadium, all the knowledgeable ones became filled with joy. At the same time, all the ignoramuses became sad. Just like how lotuses bloom and kumuda flowers wither upon the sun’s rise.
  • 117) When he saw Lord Krishna, One who resides all over this world, entering the stadium, a wrestler by name Chanoora, who had become invincible due to the boon of Shiva, said thus in order to please Kamsa – “O Madhava!”
  • 118) “Brahmins proclaim that King is himself God. One who does that which pleases the King is bound to achieve all. Therefore, for the pleasure of the King, let us both wrestle (with each other). Let the powerful Balarama wrestle with mushTika”
  • 119) When he said, Lord Krishna mockingly said “Let it be so” and got down to fight with him. The Lord of the devatas wrestled with him for one muhurtha and then held His enemy by his legs.
  • 120) Lord Krishna, the One with exceeding amount of strength that none can bear, lifted him though he had a physique that was like the vajra that cannot be pierced. He swung him many hundreds of times in the air, smashed him to the ground and stomped on him. He (chanoora) fell down like a mountain that crumbled.

ninna olumeyinda….

ನಿನ್ನ ಒಲುಮೆಯಿಂದ ನಿಖಿಳ ಜನರು ಬಂದು |
ಮನ್ನಿಸುವರೊ ಮಹಾರಾಯ | pa |

ಎನ್ನ ಪುಣ್ಯಗಳಿಂದ ಈ ಪರಿ ಉಂಟೇನೋ I

ನಿನ್ನದೇ ಸಕಲ ಸಂಪತ್ತು II II

ಜೀರ್ಣಮಲಿನ ವಸ್ತ್ರ ಕಾಣದ ಮನುಜಗೆ | ಊರ್ಣ ವಿಚಿತ್ರ
ವಸನಾ || ವರ್ಣವರ್ಣದಿಂದ ಬಾಹೋದೇನೊ ಸಂ |ಪೂರ್ಣ
ಗುಣಾರ್ಣವ ದೇವಾ ||

ಸಂಜೀತನಕ ಇದ್ದು ಸಣ್ಣ ಸವಟು ತುಂಬ | ಗಂಜಿ ಕಾಣದೆ |
ಬಳಲಿದೆನೊ || ವ್ಯಂಜನ ನಾನಾ ಸುಭಕ್ಷ್ಯ ಭೋಜ್ಯಂಗಳ
ಭುಂಜಿಸುವದು ಮತ್ತೇನೋ ||

ಒಬ್ಬ ಹೆಂಗಸಿಗೆ ಅನ್ನ ಹಾಕುವದಕ್ಕೆ | ತಬ್ಬಿಬ್ಬುಗೊಂಡೆ ನಾ ಹಿಂದೆ |
ನಿಬ್ಬರದಲಿ ಸರ್ವರ ಕೂಡಿನ್ನು | ಹಬ್ಬವನುಂಡೆನೊ ಹರಿಯೇ ||

ಮನೆಮನೆ ತಿರುಗಿದೆ ಕಾಸುಪುಟ್ಟದೆ | ಸುಮ್ಮನೆ ಚಾಲವರಿದು
ಬಾಹೆನೊ || ಹಣ ಹೊನ್ನು ದ್ರವ್ಯ ಒಮ್ಮಿಂದೊಮ್ಮೆ ಈಗ | ಎನಗೆ ಪ್ರಾಪುತಿ
ನೋಡೋ ಜೀಯಾ ||

ಮಧ್ಯಾಹ್ನ ಕಾಲಕ್ಕೆ ಅತಿಥಿಗಳಿಗೆ ಅನ್ನ | ಮೆದ್ದೆನೆಂದರೆ
ಈಯದಾದೆ || ಈ ಧರೆಯೊಳು ಸತ್ಪಾತ್ರರಿಗುಣಿಸುವ | ಪದ್ಧತಿ ನೋಡೊ
ಧರ್ಮಾತ್ಮಾ ||

ನೀಚೋಚ್ಛ ತಿಳಿಯದೆ ಸರ್ವರ ಚರಣಕ್ಕೆ | ಚಾಚಿದೆ ನೊಸಲು
ಹಸ್ತಗಳ || ಯೋಚಿಸಿ ನೋಡಲು ಸೋಜಿಗವಾಗಿದೆ | ವಾಚಕೆ ನಿಲುಕದೊ
ಹರಿಯೇ ||

ವೈದಿಕ ಪದವಿಯ ಕೊಡುವನಿಗೆ ಲೌಕಿಕ | ನೈದಿಸುವುದು
ಮಹಾಖ್ಯಾತಿ || ಮೈದುನಗೊಲಿದ ಶ್ರೀ ವಿಜಯವಿಠಲ ನಿನ್ನ | ಪಾದ
ಸಾಕ್ಷಿ ಅನುಭವವೊ

shrI mukhyaprANAshTakam – shlOka 9

padyAnAmidamaShTakaM pravilasanmadhvAkRutispaShTakaM

taddAsapriyavAdirAjayatinA taddattavAgbhUtinA |

hRudyaM yaH paThatIritaM sucharitaM saH syAddishAmaShTakE

mAdyanmAyimataMgabhaMgakaraNE siMhaprabarhaprabhaH || 9 ||


padyAnAm – shlokas

idam – these

aShTakaM – eight

pravilasan – gleaming

madhvAkRuti – srimadachArya

spashTakaM – bring clarity

tad – his

dAsapriya – favorite servant

vAdirAja – vAdirAja

yatinA – (by) saint

tad – his

datta – given

vAg – speech

bhUtinA – power

hrudyaM – (from the) heart – sincerely

yaH – one who

paThAt – studies

IritaM – utters

sucharitaM – virtuous

saH – he

syAd – verily/perhaps

dishAM – direction

aShTakE – (in) the eight

mAdyan – intoxicated

mAyi – mAyAvAdis

matanga – elephants

bhaMga – destroy

karaNe – will do

siMha – lion

prabarha – most excellent

prabhaH – shine


These eight shlOkas which bring clarity (on various aspects) of the character of  srimadachArya have been composed by his favorite dAsa sri vAdirAja only due to the power of speech (composition) granted by him.


One who sincerely studies or recites this ashTaka will become known as a virtuous person in all 8 directions. He will destroy the intoxicated elephant like mayAvAdis like the most excellent and lustrous lion.


shrI vAdirAja tirtha gurvantargata shrI rAghavEndra tIrtha gurvantargata shrI bhAratI

ramaNa mukhyapraNAntargata shrI sItA pati shrI mUlarAma prIyatAM


shrI krishnArpaNamastu

shrI mukhyaprANAshTakam – shlOka 7 & 8

vidvatsiMdhuma gRuhOdaya dvijapathapraj~japtibIjOdaya

pratyarthyaMbujamudraNa priyajanapratyUhagharmArdana |

hRullagnAmalakRuShNasasmitadayAvIkShAsudhAdhiShNya mAM

shrImanmadhvamunIMdrachaMdra kumudasthAnIyamudbOdhaya || 7 ||


vidvatsindhuma – ocean of scholarship

gruha – house

udaya – arose

dvijapatha – leader of brahmins

prajnapti – teaching

bIja – seed

udaya – arose

pratyarthi – opponent

ambuja – thunderbolt

mudrana – stamped

priyajana – dear ones

pratyooha – obstacles

gharma – heat

ardana – destroy

hrud – heart

lagna – fixed

amala – auspicious

krishna – LORD

sasmita – smiling

dayA – compassion

veekshaa – knowledge

sudhA – nectar

dhishnya – abode

mAm – me

shrimatmadhva – srimadachArya

muni – saint

chandra – moon

kumuda – lotus

sthAnIyaM – place

udbOdhaya – lift me up


You arose (were born) in the house which was an ocean of scholarship. You appeared from the one who was the teacher of all those who were brahmins.


You stamped your opponents with the thunderbolt (like arguments). You destroy the heat of

obstacles that your dear ones face.


Your heart always has the fixed smile of the auspicious LORD KRISHNA.


O SrimadAchArya! One who is like the moon (one who stands out) amongst munis! Please remove

me out of this slush called samsAra.


Note: kumuda sthAniyaM – place of lotus – slush or muddy water.


yadvAgAkhyakarAH satAM sukhakarAH durvAdigarvajvarAH

sadvidyAMbudhipOShakO yadudayO&vidyAMbudhEH shOShakaH |

yaH sharvENa shirOdhRutO&pi vishadaM chakrE murArEH padaM

sO&vyAdadbhutamadhvatArakapatirhArdAMdhakArachyutiH || 8 ||


yad – one who

vaagaakhya – commentary

karAH – writes

satAM – sajjanas

sukha – happiness

karAH – gives

durvAdi – incorrect arguers

garva – arrogance

jvarAH – grief

sadvidyA – good knowledge

ambudhi – ocean

pOshakaH – nurturer

yad – one who

udayaH – rises

avidyA – ignorance

ambudhi – ocean

shOshakaH – destroyer

yaH – one who

sharvENa – by shiva

shiraH – head

dhrutaH – borne

api – indeed

vishadaM – poison

chakrE – cuts

murArEH – LORD’s

padaM – feet

saH – that

avyAt – protect

adbhuta – wonderful

madhva – srimadachArya

tArakapati – LORD

hArda – heart

andhakAra – darkness

chyutiH – destroy


One who writes commentaries (on LORD’s works); One who gives happiness to sajjanas; One who gives

grief to durvAdis.


One who is the nurturer of the ocean of good knowledge; One who rises; One who is the destroyer of

wrong knowledge.


One who is borne on the head by shiva (out of respect); One who cuts poison and One who is at the feet

of the LORD.


O SrimadAchArya! the destroyer of darkness. You always have the LORD in your heart. Please protect me.

shrI mukhyaprANAshTakam – shlOka 5 & 6

kAmI yEna hi kIchakO vinihataH krOdhI cha dushyAsanaH

stabdhO lubdhasuyOdhanaScha maNimAnmugdhO madAMdhO bakaH |

kRuShNyErShyAbhirataScha mAgadhapatiH ShaDvairivargAtsadA

sa tvaM bhIma guNAbhirAma dayayA dAsaM hi mAmuddhara || 5 ||


kAmI – one who lusts

yEna – because of which

hi – indeed

kIchakaH – keechaka

vinihataH – brought down

krOdhI – one who is always angry

cha – and

dushyAsanaH – dushAsanaH

stabdaH – paralyzed

lubdha – greedy

suyOdhanaH – duryOdhana

cha – and

maNimAn – manimanta daitya

mugdhaH – ignorant

mada – arrogance

andhaH – blind

bakaH – bakAsura


Irshya – hatred

abhirata – attention

cha – and

mAgadhapatiH – jarAsandha, king of magadha

ShaDvairi – the six evils

vargAt – bunch of

sadA – always

sa – that

tvaM – thou

bhIma – bhImasEna devaru

guNA – auspicious qualities

abhirAma – beautiful (with)

dayayA – out of kAruNya

hi – verily

mAm – me

uddhara – uplift


You brought down the rAkshasa keechaka, the one who was full of lust

You killed dushAsanaH, the one who was always given to anger

You paralyzed duryOdhana, the one who was eternally greedy

You annihilated manimanta, the ignorant rAkshasa

You destroyed baka, the one who was intoxicated with arrogance

You killed jarAsandha, whose always hated and showed asUya towards LORD KRISHNA.

You are verily the One who destroys six internal enemies (shaD-vairy) always


O Lord Bhimasena! the One who is beautifully adorned with all auspicious qualities,  please show compassion on me and lift me up (in this samsara)


dAhAdyEna vimOchitO nijajanassa tvaM bhavAgnErava

svIyAdhvapratibaMdhakaScha nihataH kirmIranAmA raNE |

prOdyanmadhvamatAdhvagasya sadaya pratyarthinassAdaya

svAminsOmakulAgragaNya bhavataH pOtaM hi mAM na tyaja || 6


dAhAdi – fire and other

Ena – one who

vimOchitaH – relieved

nijajana – devotees/followers/family

sa – that

tvaM – thou

bhavAgni – samsara

arava – silent

svIya – one’s own

adhva – traveller

pratibandhaka – obstruction

cha – and

nihataH – destroyed

kirmIra – rakshasa kirmIra

nAmA – by name

raNE – in a fight

prOdyat – lift up

madhva – srimadachArya’s

matAdhvaga – traveller of the path

asya – that

sadayA – compassionate

pratyarthinaH – opponent

saadaya – destroy

svAmin – Lord

sOmakula – chandra vamsha

agragaNya – the foremost

bhavataH – yourselves

pOtaM – take care

hi – indeed

mAm – me

na – don’t

tyaja – discard


You are the one who protected your own family from fire and other mortal dangers in samsara.


You are the one who destroyed the rAkshasa kirmIra in a fight as he caused obstruction during your travel (in the jungle)


You are the one who is compassionate to those who travel the path of srimadachArya and destroy any opponents


O Lord Bhimasena! the foremost one in the lineage of chandra! please take care of me indeed and kindly never desert me.

shrI mukhyaprANAshTakam – shlOka 3 & 4

yEnA&&tmIyajanAvanAya balinA nItaH purOcchAchala-

stIrNaH pUrNapayOnidhiH khalahRutA dRuShTA cha sItAkRutiH |

tattE kiM kathanIyamasti jagati vyaktasya satpAlanE

svAmin rAmapadAbjabhRuMga tadava shrImanhanUmannamaH || 3 ||


yEnA – those

aatmeeya – dear ones

jana – people

avanAya – fallen down

balinA – as an offering

nItaH – brought

puraH – securely

uccha – tall

achala – mountain

teernaH – crossed

pUrna – large

payOnidhi – ocean

khala – evil

hrutA – taken away

druShTA – seen

cha – and

sItAkRutiH – the replacement kruti of sItA dEvi

tat – that

tE – from you

kiM – what

kathanIyaM – being told

asti – exists

jagati – people

vyaktasya – these who appeared

satpAlanE – taking good care of

svAmin – LORD

rAma – rAma

pada – feet

abja – lotus

bhrunga – bee

tadava – nearer to that

shrImanhanUmannamaH – bow to that shrIman hanUmAnta


the one who securely brought a huge mountain when his own people had fallen down as an offering (to Lord); the One who crossed a large ocean and had darshana of sItAkRutiH which was taken away by the evil; what then can be said of you – a person who takes extreme care of his people.


I bow to such a Lord hanUmAn, the one who is like a bee always at the lotus like feet of LORD rAma.


sEvAbhiH parituShTadhIH kavijanairgEyAbhirAdyaH pumAn

brahmANaM kila bhAvinaM samatanOtsaMtaM bhavaMtaM prabhuH |

sAmrAjyE sati vismRutirnijajanE niMdyA hi yattvAdRushAM

svAmin rAmapadAbjabhRuMga tadava shrImanhanUmannamaH || 4 ||


sEvAbhiH – served

parituShTadhIH – well satisfied

kavijanaiH – learned

gEyaH – praised

abhirAdhya – worshipped

pumAn – men

brahmANaM – brahma

kila – indeed

bhAvinaM – would be

samata – equanimous

nOtsantaM – humble

bhavantaM – is (to be)

prabhuH – Lord

sAmrAjyE – entire world

sati – fallen

vismruti – forgotten

nijajanE – devotees/people

aniMdyA – faultless

hi – indeed

yat – whence

tvAdrushaM – like you

svAmin – Lord

rAmapadAbja – lotus like feet

bhruNga – bee

tadava – that

shrImanhanUmannamaH – bow to that shrIman hanUmAnta


O lord mukhyaprana! the learned praised you, all the men worship you, and serve you very  happily. You are verily the next brahma and there is none, O lord, like you who is equanimous and humble. In this world, amongst the fallen and forgetful people, there is none as faultless as you.


I bow to such a Lord hanUmAn, the one who is like a bee always at the lotus like feet of LORD rAma.

shrI mukhyaprANAshTakam – shlOka 1 & 2

|| shrI mukhyaprANAShTakam ||

bhaktiM shrIramaNasya pAdayugalE prItyA pradEhIsha ma-
cchittaM tatpadapadmachiMtanarataM nityaM vidhEhyachyutam |
tvattAtaM mayi suprasannamadhunA vij~jApya kurvaMjasA
svAmin prANagaNAdhinAtha dayayA dAsaM hi mAM pAlaya || 1 ||

bhaktiM – devotion (of)
shrIramaNasya – the ONE who gives great joy to shrI
pAda – feet
yugaLe – two of them
prItyA – (out of) affection
pradEhi – grant me
Isha – Lord
mat – my
chittaM – mind/manas/chitta
tat – that
padapadma – lotus feet
chintana – meditation
rataM – engagement
nityaM – always
videhi – especially grant me
achyutam – the ONE who is without any dOshas
tvat – your
taataM – father
mayi – on me
suprasannam – pleased
adhuna – now
vijnApya – (please) request
kuru – do
anjasaa – soon
svAmin – (my) Lord
prANagaNAdhinAtha – the one who is the Lord of the entire group of jIvas (ones with prANa)
dayayA – out of compassion
dAsaM – servant
hi – indeed
mAM – me
pAlaya – take care of

O Lord Mukhyaprana, out of affection towards me, please grant me devotion of the two feet of LORD shrIramaNa.

O Lord, kindly ensure that my chitta is always in remembrance of the lotus-like-feet of LORD Achyuta.

O Lord, kindly request your father, Vishnu, to immediately become pleased towards me.

O Lord of the entire jIvas, please take care of me, your servant, out of compassion.

tvayyuttiShThati yatkalEvaramabhUtpAtaikapAtraM surA-
strAtuM naiva hi shEkurAdipuruShO&pyAsIdupEkShArataH |
shvAsAkhyaM manumasya yattava vashaM brUtE&vigItA shrutiH
sa tvaM prANagaNAdhinAtha dayayA dAsaM hi mAM pAlaya || 2 ||

tvayi – (by) you
uttiShThati – vacated/exit
yat – which
kalEvaraM – body
abhUt – non-existent
paati – lord
EkapAtraM – in the same body
surAH – devatas
trAtuM – protecting
naiva – verily not
hi – indeed
shEku – sh, ee, ka, u – shiva, kama, garuda, brahma
Adi – other
purushaH – devatas (those who reside in the body)
api – also
aaseet – become
upEkshA – indifferent
rataH – engage
shvAsa – breath
Akhyam – total count
manuM – mankind
asya – this
yat – which
tava – your
vashaM – control
brUte – speaks
avigIta – in total harmony/unanimity
shrutiH – vEdas
sa tvam – you are that
prANagaNAdhinAtha – the one who is the Lord of the entire group of jIvas (ones with prANa)
dayayA – out of compassion
dAsaM – servant
hi – indeed
mAM – me
pAlaya – take care of

O mukhyaprana! when this body is exited by you, indeed the rest of the devatas who reside in the same body also stop lording (presiding over the respective parts).

O Lord! if you stop protecting (us), indeed the rest of the devatas such as brahma, shiva, garuda, kama and others become indifferent towards us.

All the shrutis declare in complete harmony that the whole breath (breathing process) of the entire mankind is under your control.

You, who are the Lord of the entire jIvas, please take care of me, your servant, out of compassion.

durgAstava – by shrI vAdirAja tIrtha

|| sri durgAstava ||

by sri vAdirAja tIrtha

sannaddhasimhaskandashthAM svarnavarNAM manOramAM |
pUrnEnduvadanAM durgAM varNayAmi guNArNavAM || 1 ||

sannaddha – ready
simha – lion
skandastha – sitting on the shoulders
svarNa – golden
varNaM – hue
manOramAM – the one who enchants the mind
pUrNa – full
indu – moon
vadanAM – face
durgAM – durgA dEvi
varNayAmi – (I shall) describe
guNa – auspicious attributes
ArNavAM – ocean

I shall hereby describe durgA dEvi, the one who is an ocean of attributes, the one who is seated on the shoulders of an attentive lion, the one who is of golden hue and enchanting the mind and the one whose face is shining like a full moon.

shlOka number 2

kirITahAragraivEyanUpurAngadakankanaiH |
ratnakAnchyA ratnachitrakuchakanchukatEjasA || 2 ||

kirITa – crown
hAra – garland
graivEya – necklace
nUpura – anklet
angada – bracelet
kankanaiH – bangles
ratna – jewel
kAnchyA – waist belt
ratnachitra – bedecked with jewels
kuchakanchuka – blouse for the bosom
tEjasA – one with radiance

durgA dEvi, the one with immense radiance, is bedecked with a glittering crown. She has a beautiful  garland and is wearing necklaces, anklets, bracelets and many bangles. She has put on a waist belt full of precious jewels and her blouse is decorated with numerous gems.

shlOka number 3

virAjamAnA ruchirAmbarA kinkinimanDitA |
ratnamEkhalayA ratnavAsOpari vibhUshitA || 3 ||

virAjamAnA – seated splendidly
ruchira – brilliant
ambara – clothes
kinkini – anklets
manDitA – adorned
ratna – gems
mEkhalayA – with girdle
ratna – jewels
vAsOpari – abundantly decked
vibhUshitA – decorated

durgA dEvi is seated splendidly and has put on brilliant clothes and is adorned with anklets. she is bedecked with a girdle made of precious gems and is decorated with clothes that have huge number of jewels.

shlOka number 4

vIrashrunkhalayA shObhichArupAdasarOruhA |
ratnachitrAngulImudrAratnakuNDalamanDitA || 4 ||

vIra – excellent
shrunkhalayA – chain
shObhichAru – elegant and beautiful
pAda – feet
sarOruhA – lotus-like
ratnachitra – abundant gems
angulI – fingers
mudrA – rings
ratnakuNDala – ear-rings made of ratnas
manDitA – decked up

durgA dEvi is wearing an excellent chain and is having lotus-like feet that are
beautiful and elegant. she has numerous finger rings made of precious stones
and her ears are decked up with rings made of ratnas.

shlOka number 5

vichitrachUDAmaNiNA ratnOdyattilakEna cha |
anarghyanAsAmaNiNA shObhitASyasarOruhA || 5 ||

vichitra – splendorous
chUDAmaNiNA – jewel worn on the top of head
ratna – gem
udyat – star
tilakEna – in the tilaka
cha – and
anarghya – invaluable
nAsA – nose
maNiNA – bead
shObhita – decorated
aasya – face
sarOruha – lotus

the lotus-like face of durgA dEvi is decorated with a splendorous chUDAmaNi. she is wearing a star like gem as her tilaka on the forehead and she has a most precious bead as her nose ring.

shlOka number 6

bhujakIrtyA ratnachitrakaNTasUtrEna chAnkitA |
padmAkshiNI subimbOSHTI padmagarbhAdibhiH stutA || 6 ||

bhuja – shoulder
kIrtyA – lustrous
ratnachitra – bedecked with gems
kaNtasUtra – necklace
cha – and
ankitA – marked
padmAkshiNI – one with lotus eyes
subimbOSHTI – excellent disc of radiance
padmagarbha – brahma
aadibhi – and others
stutA – sung

durgA dEvi has shoulders which are full of lustre. She has her necklace (mangala sutra)
that is full of shining gems. durgA dEvi has lotus-like eyes and a radiating disc behind
her face. Her praise is sung by brahma and others.

shlOka number 7

kabarIbhAravinyastapushpastabakavistarA |
karNanIlOtpalaruchA lasad bhrUmaNDalatvishA || 7 ||

kabarI – braid of hair
bhAra – heavy
vinyasta – placed
pushpasta – with flowers
bakavistaraa – extremely long
karNa – ears
nIlOtpala – blue lotus
ruchA – beautiful
lasad – shining
bhrUmaNDala – centre of the eyebrows
ishaa – strong/intense

durgA dEvi has a heavy braid of hair that is decorated with extremely long (garland of) flowers. Her ears are shining like blue lotuses and the centre of her eyebrows is radiating intensely!

shlOka number 8

kuntalAnAM cha santatyA shObhamAnA shubhapradA |
tanumadhyA vishAlOraHsthalA pruthunitambinI || 8 ||

kuntalAnAM – two braid of hair
cha – and
santatyA – dense
shObhamAnA – shining
shubha – auspiciousness
pradA – giver
tanu – slender
madhyA – midregion
vishAlaH – big
urasthalA – breasts
pruthu – wide
nitambini – posterior

the two braids of hair that durgA dEvi has are very dense. She is the giver of
auspiciousness. durgA dEvi has a slender mid region and big breasts. She is one with
a very wide posterior region.

shlOka number 9

charudeerghabhujaa kambugreevaa janghaayughaprabhaa |
asicharmagadaashooladhanurbaaNaamkushaadinaa || 9 ||

chaaru – pretty
deergha – long
bhujaa – shoulders/arms
kambu – conch
greevaa – neck
janghaa – shank
yuga – pair
prabhaa – radiance
asi – sword
charma – shield
gadaa – mace
shoola – spear
dhanuH – bow
baaNaa – arrows
ankusha – hook
aadinaa – others

durgA dEvi has got extremely beautiful and long arms. She has a conch-like neck and she
has immensely radiating shanks.

durgA dEvi is holding a sword, shield, mace, spear, bow, arrows, hook and many other weapons.

shlOka number 10

varAbhayAbhyAM chakrENa shaNkhEna cha lasatkarA |
damshTrAgrabhIshaNAsyOtthahunkArArditadAnavA || 10 ||

vara – blessings
abhayA – protection
chakrENa – with chakra
shaNkhEna – with shankha
cha – and
lasat – appear/show
karA – hands
damshTra – tooth
agra – anterior
bhIshaNA – terrifying
Asya – face
uttha – coming forth
hunkArA – the sound of “hum”
ardita – destroy
dAnavA – demons

durgA dEvi is showing her glittering hands that are bearing the vara and abhaya
mudras, and she is holding the chakra and shankha in her other two hands.

the anterior tooth (teeth) of durgA dEvi is (are) terrifying in appearance and the humkAra sound emanating from her face totally destroys the demons.

shlOka number 11

bhayankarI surArINAM surANAMabhayankarI |
mukundakinkarI vishnubhaktAnAM mauktashankarI || 11 ||

bhayankarI – one who is terrifying
surArINAM – enemies of devatas i.e. rakshasas/asuras
surANAM – devatas
abhayankarI – one who is giver of protection and one who takes away fear
mukunda – LORD vishNu
kinkarI – consort/one-who-is-at-service
vishnu – LORD
bhaktAnAM – to the devotees
maukta – causer of salvation
shankarI – causer of peace

durgA dEvi is terrifying and destructive to the enemies of devatas (satvikas). she is the
protector and remover of fear to devatas. she is the eternal consort and servant of LORD
vishNu. Through LORD, she grants mukti and shanti to her devotees.

shlOka number 12

surastrIkinkarIbhishcha vrutA kshEmankarI cha naH |
Adau mukhOdgIrNASSmnAyA sargakarI punaH || 12 ||

surastrI – devatA women
kinkarIbhiH – servants
cha – and
vrutA – surrounded
kshEmankarI – causer of well being
cha – and
naH – prosperity
Adau – in the beginning
mukhaH – from the face
udgIrNa – came out
AmnAyA – vEdas
sargakarI – creator
punaH – again and again

durgA dEvi is surrounded by devatA stree who are her servants. She is the causer of
well-being and giver of prosperity.

In the beginning (after a pralaya) she sang the vEdas from her mouth (to wake the LORD).
She again and again creates (the Universe, as agnya from the LORD)

shlOka number 13

nisargamuktA bhaktAnAM trivargaphaladAyinIM |
nishumbhashumbhasamhartrI mahishAsuramardinI || 13 ||

nisarga – prakruti
muktA – free from
bhaktAnAM – to the devotees
trivarga – the three categories
phala – results
dAyinIM – giver
nishumbhashumbha – the demons nishumbha and shumbha
samhartrI – slayer
mahishAsura – demon mahishAsura
mardinI – destroyer

durgA dEvi is beyond (and above) prakruti (she is the abhimAni for it). To the devotees,
she gives satvik, rajasic and tamasic phalas (depending upon their nature and prayer).

durgA dEvi is the slayer of the demons nishumbha and shumbha. She destroyed the demon mahishAsura.

shlOka number 14

tAmasAnAM tamaH prAptyai mithyAjnAnapravartikA |
tamObhimAninI pAyAddurgA svargApavargadA || 14 ||

tAmasAnAM – to the tAmasa people
tamaH – andhantamas
prAptyai – to obtain
mithyAjnAna – the knowledge that deludes
pravartikA – the promoter
tamaH – tamas
abhimAninI – the controlling deity
pAyAt – protect
durgA – durgA dEvi
svarga – heaven
apavarga – higher lOkas
dA – giver

durgA dEvi promotes (maintains) the mithyAjnAna in this world in order to ensure
that the tamasic people get tamas lOkas.

durgA dEvi is the abhimAni for the tAmasica guNa. She is the giver of swarga and other
higher lOkas. May such a durgA dEvi protect us!

shlOka number 15

imam durgAstavaM puNyaM vAdirAjayatIritaM |
paTanvijayatE shatrUnmrutyuM durgANi chOttarEt || 15 ||

imam – this
durgA – durgA dEvi
stavaM – song of praise
puNyaM – auspicious
vAdirAja yati – the saint vAdirAja
IritaM – said/composed
paTan – read
vijayatE – attain victory
shatrUn – enemies
mrutyuM – death
durgANi – difficulties
cha – and
uttarEt – come out of

this auspicious song, in praise of durgA dEvi has been composed by the saint vAdirAja.

One who chants this stOtra shall attain victory over his enemies and shall overcome death
and all difficulties.

|| iti srImadvAdirAjapUjyacharaNavirachitaH durgAstavaH sampUrNaH ||

|| thus concludes the durgAstava composed by srimat vAdirAja tIrtha pUjya charaNa ||

|| srI vAdirAja tIrtha gurvantargata srI rAghavEndra tIrtha gurvantargata srI bhAratIramaNa mukhyaprANAntargata srI durgAntargata srI lakshmInarasimha prIyatAM ||

|| srI krishnArpaNamastu ||