Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 22: Part 2

  • 41) “When I got to know that Salva had attacked us, I sent Pradyumna and the others even as I was with you. They left for Dwaraka. Salva too sat in his plane and troubled Dwaraka a lot”.
  • 42) “Pradyumna immediately left for war, along with the entire army, other Yadavas, and his brothers. Noticing that my son had come to battle him, Salva got down from his plane and climbed a chariot to engage with him”.
  • 43) “My son fought with him very well. He countered his astras with his own great astras. Having decided to kill him, he picked up a divine arrow given to him by me. However, he heard a voice coming from the sky”.
  • 44) “Narayana himself has taken a decision earlier saying – ‘I shall slay Salva in my avatara as Sri Krishna’. That is why even though he was Sri Hari himself, Sri Parashurama only defeated Salva but did not kill him”.
  • 45) “Therefore you will not be able to kill him. This arrow, on the other hand, is most dear to Sri Krishna, the bearer of the Chakra. Therefore, do not use it. I shall enter Salva’s mind and inspire him to withdraw – thus spoke Sri Vayu (the anonymous voice in the sky)”
  • 46) “Listening to the voice of Sri Vayu, Pradyumna immediately withdrew that great arrow. Salva, on the other hand, climbed his plane and thought that it was useless to fight with a kid and that he wanted to battle Sri Krishna only, and returned to his Kingdom”.
  • 47) “Pradyumna, Samba, Gada, Sarana and Charudeshna fought with Salva’s ministers and killed them along with their armies and returned happily to the city. Meanwhile I reached there and got to know everything from them”.
  • 48) “Due to the radiance of that bow, whose mere holding ensures victory due to my grace, my son was able to defeat Salva, who then returned. Getting to know of this, I immediately chased him, as he had destroyed our city”.
  • 49) “I saw Salva seated on his ‘Saubha’ plane and traveling over the ocean. He started showering numerous weapons and great astras against me. I stopped them and hit him in return with a barrage of arrows. Then, that great sinner employed maya against me.
  • 50) “I immediately saw that (maya) through my inherent ability and destroyed that illusion with the vijnana-astra. I then killed numerous Daityas. When Salva started showering boulders on me, I cut down his plane with my Chakra and crashed it into the ocean”.
  • 51) “Later when he climbed his chariot and came to battle, I cut off his arms with arrows, destroyed his chariot with a mace, and beheaded him using my Chakra. I returned to my city even as Brahma, Rudra and the other Devatas worshipped and praised me”.
  • 52) “Due to this task of slaying Salva, I had to stay away from you. Because of that, you have been put into this trouble” – saying thus Sri Krishna stayed there for a few days in order to console them and also Draupadi. Satyabhamaa too stayed there even as she consoled Draupadi.
  • 53) The other wives and all sons of the Pandavas had come with them to the forest and stayed there.
  • 54) Dhrishtadyumna consoled Draupadi, bowed to Sri Krishna, took his permission and returned to his city along with the sons of Draupadi.
  • 55) Dhrishtaketu took his sister Devaki, while Kashiraja took his daughter Kali and both of them returned to their cities. The other wives of Kunti returned to stay with Kunti.
  • 56) Parvati was Nakula’s wife. She was the Avatara of Tilottama. She and the other wives of Nakula and Sahadeva had been stopped by Kunti.
    • Note: The wives of Nakula-Sahadeva who stayed with Kunti were Parvati, Vijayaa and Karenumati.
  • 57) Sri Krishna made Subhadra and Abhimanyu sit in his chariot and, after informing the Pandavas, returned to his own city along with Satyabhamaa.
  • 58) The sons of Draupadi stayed at Panchala city for some time and then went to Dwaraka. There, they stayed under the watch of Sri Krishna.
  • 59) After that, as atonement for his mistake, Dharmaraja always placed Draupadi as his brothers’ wife.
  • 60) The Pandavas stayed in the forest surviving on food that was leftover after serving the sages. King Yudhishthira used to consume food only after his brothers ate.
  • 61) Not able to violate his orders, the brothers used to consume food before him. After Dharmaraja ate, Draupadi used to eat alone.
  • 62) In this way, the Pandavas, who were always on the path of Vishnu, used to eat only that food which was offered to him. They spent a year in this way. Then, as per the orders of Bhimasena, Draupadi, the one with excellent knowledge, spoke to Dharmaraja.
  • 63) Since Dharmaraja was of a soft nature, Bhimasena knew that even in the fourteenth year, due to fear of elders such as Bhishma, Dharmaraja would refrain from getting back the Kingdom, and therefore sent Draupadi.
  • 64) Forgiveness is not Dharma at all times. For a capable King, when it comes to the wicked, it (forgiveness) becomes an instrument for sin. This had to be proved (to Dharmaraja) on the basis of Shastra.
  • 65-66) “In the fourteenth year, I shall slay the Kauravas when they refuse to hand over the Kingdom and I shall then rule the land” – in order to get such a genuine vow made by Dharmaraja, Bhimasena first sent Draupadi to him to set the context for a debate. She told Dharmaraja thus.
  • 67) “It is never appropriate for a King to show forgiveness to evil people. You have always shown unnecessary compassion towards such people” – when Draupadi said thus Dharmaraja replied – “Forgiveness is the highest Dharma. The entire world is based on forgiveness”.
  • 68) “Sri Narayana alone is the doer for all matters of joy and sorrow. All of this is brought together by him alone. Therefore there is no need to feel anger towards anyone. Forgiveness is therefore the most excellent Dharma”.
  • 69) When he spoke thus, Draupadi said – “If forgiveness towards all is the main Dharma, then there shall be nothing left for a King to do. The world too cannot operate and it shall be destroyed by evil people”.
  • 70) “It is true that Sri Vishnu is the main cause behind all. Even Ramaa, Brahma, Rudra and the others are under his control like pieces of wood. This too is true. However, the efforts of the individual are not futile”.
  • 71) “An individual operates as per the dictum of Sri Hari. According to his Karma, he will enjoy joy and sorrow. His Karma never goes futile. Therefore, the fact that a Jeeva is the doer and that he is always under the control of Bhagavanta are both true”.
  • 72) “If there is no value for the efforts of a human, then who is the target of all the do’s and don’ts in the Vedas? If the Jeeva is not subject to the vidhis and nishedhas then wouldn’t it imply that the two are for Sri Hari himself?”
  • 73) “If it is claimed that the vidhis and nishedhas are for Sri Hari himself, then it would mean that he gets tainted by the two. However, since he is the Supreme One and Independent he is never affected by Punya or Paapa. Therefore it is proven that the Jeeva is indeed the doer although he is under the control of Paramatma”.
  • 74) When Draupadi argued thus, Dharmaraja became speechless. He retorted – “You are resorting to twisted logic and are claiming dependence for even Sri Hari”.
  • 75) When Dharmaraja insistently scolded her, Draupadi asked him for forgiveness as a role model woman. Too much talk is never appropriate for a woman, isn’t it? Later, Bhima started speaking.
  • 76) “O King! Vishnu is the doer of all activity. None else. Everything else is under his control. He alone is independent. Yet the Jeeva needs to do that which is appropriate for him. With great effort, he also has to avoid that which is not appropriate”.
  • 77) “The fact that Jeeva performs Karma is established by sensory perception. The fact that he did so due to Sri Vishnu’s directions has to be understood through logic. A knowledgeable person, therefore, performs that Karma mandated by Vishnu (i.e. through the Shastras) and considers it as done under Vishnu’s influence”.
  • 78) “With that, he obtains the grace of Sri Hari and will attain Sadgati. A tamasa soul on the other hand assumes it is the Divine that is fully responsible and gives up Karma and eventually attains Tamas. Therefore, each and every Jeeva must perform the mandated duty”.
  • 79) “It has to be understood that everything is under the control of Sri Vishnu. One must perform the Karma mandated as duty without fail. The ownership of Karma in a person is established by sensory perception. Similarly the fact that everything is under Sri Vishnu’s control is to be understood from scriptures and logic”.
  • 80) “Since everything is under his control, both cannot be given up. In this way, a knowledgeable person performs that Karma which is his duty. He will understand Sri Vishnu as being the reason behind all, and thus ensures he follows all three pramanas”.

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