Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 21: Part 10

  • 361-362) When Dushasana started pulling Draupadi to take her inside his home, Bhima saw the same and stated out of anger – “Arjuna! Arjuna! Patience is no longer acceptable to me. Once this life is over, the body is like firewood and is dirt. The only three things that remain are Vidya, Karma and Progeny”.
  • 363) “This is stated in the Vedas. If the wife is violated, there cannot result good progeny. When the wife is violated it is like half of one’s own body being violated. He cannot attain the higher lokas. If the wife is violated even as she couldn’t be protected, then nothing good is accrued even if she is deserted”.
  • 364) “Therefore I shall now slay all the Kauravas along with their families” – saying thus Bhima looked at those enemies, filled with energy and staring as if to burn them.
  • 365) Having decided in his mind to destroy all Kauravas without a trace, Bhima looked at a terrible Parigha with great anger.
    • Note: A Parigha, a type of weapon used in war, was lying around in the hall. Bhima started staring at the same, indicating to all that he would pick it up and commence battle.
  • 366) At that time, female foxes let out loud sounds of moaning from the agnigruha of Duryodhana. Similarly, there were many omens noticed in the house of his father too.
    • Note: Agnigruha is the house where the Agnihotra is performed daily.
  • 367) Dhritharashtra, noticing the occurrence of many such omens as soon as Bhima got angry, asked Vidura about the impending results due to those omens.
  • 368) Vidura then replied to his elder brother – “All your sons along with their family will be immediately destroyed due to the force of Bhima’s hit”.
  • 369) “Like a child you are asking ‘What did we win? What did we win?’. You are winning through Adharma but thinking that it is a (just) victory”.
  • 370-371) “The knowledgeable say that that which has been given to women, that which has been won through gambling and that which was given by an intoxicated man cannot be called as a gain. They also say that the same can be taken back by relatives (of the person who lost it or gave it away). Still, in order to show everyone how lowly your sons are, the Pandavas aren’t doing it”.
  • 372) When Vidura said thus, Dhritharashtra asked – “What is the way to ensure the results of these ill omens do not occur?”. Vidura immediately said – “Release Draupadi immediately”.
  • 373) “Please her through boons. Otherwise be known that your sons shall be crushed by Bhima and shall die. Let there be no doubt about it”.
  • 374) “Since Draupadi and the Pandavas desire to increase the accumulation of merit, they have not burnt your sons with their tapas. Therefore, your sons are still alive”.
  • 375) “In spite of this, if you do not release Draupadi, Bhima shall, without a doubt, slay all your sons with his power”.
  • 376) When Vidura insisted thus, Dhritharashtra admonished his son Dushasana and got Draupadi released. He then insisted her to seek boons from him.
  • 377) Even when he insisted that way, Draupadi, being a follower of the shuddha bhagavata dharma, did not seek any boons for herself. She only asked for the release of the Pandavas.
  • 378) Dhritharashtra gave her boons in the form of the release of Dharmaraja and his brothers and the release of his Kingdom. Draupadi did not accept any other boons in spite of further requests.
  • 379) Bhagavata Dharma stipulates that it is not appropriate for a woman to seek boons from anyone apart from her husband and Sri Hari. Therefore, she did not seek any other boons.
  • 380) Since they were anyways illegally taken away, Draupadi concluded that taking them back would not really constitute a boon. Hence she asked for the release of the Pandavas.
  • 381) In the Bhagavata Dharma, an exception is made for a Kshatriya woman to see three boons from her father-in-law. For a Brahmana woman up to a hundred boons are allowed. Due to this reason, Draupadi did not seek any other boons.
  • 382) After that, the released Pandavas, along with Draupadi, bowed to the elders and started back towards their city. Then, Dushasana, the chief amongst the sinners, addressed Dhritharashtra.
  • 383) “What a surprise! All that wealth that had become ours was given back again to them by you. Now it is certain that we shall all be slain by Vrikodara”.
  • 384) “Therefore bring back the Pandavas for our sake. Let the game of dice be played once again. Let them lose and go to the forest”.
  • 385) When Dushasana spoke thus, Dhritharashtra invited the Pandavas again. In spite of being stopped by his brothers and Draupadi, Yudhisthira returned to the sabha for gambling, having been called by his elder uncle.
  • 386-388) Twelve years of exile followed by one year of exile in disguise. Such an exile in disguise not to be undertaken far from Hastinapura and needs to be done under a famous King. During the disguise if either Draupadi or any one of the Pandavas are spotted, then a twelve year exile followed by another year in disguise to be undertaken. If this is again broken in the middle, the same sequence is to be repeated from the beginning. As per the suggestion of Dushasana, Duryodhana placed these as the conditions in the game.
  • 389) Dharmaraja was again defeated by Shakuni, who was well versed in the subtleties of the game. Dharmaraja wished to go on exile along with his brother.
  • 390) At that time, the sinner Dushasana repeatedly mocked Bhimasena by calling him “Ox! Ox!” repeatedly and dancing at that.
  • 391) Even as he was dancing, Dushasana said to Draupadi – “O auspicious one! You no longer have any husband. Go to Duryodhana’s house”.
  • 392) He mocked Bhima again by saying – “All of them are impotent sesame seeds. They will go to Andhantamas from where there is no return”. The other Kauravas laughed loudly.
  • 393) Bhimasena then made a vow – “I shall slay all of you in war”. When he took such an oath, the Kauravas took to the refuge of Drona.
  • 394) “Where there is Drona, there will be his son. Similarly Bhishma too shall be there. So will be Kripacharya. Bhima shall never go against all these elders” – thinking thus all of them took refuge under Drona.
  • 395) Drona then told the sons of Dhritharashtra – “Although I am a Brahmana, I, my son and Kripacharya shall bear weapons for your sake”.
  • 396) “I shall try to the best of my strength to protect you. However, I am not truly capable of protecting you against Bhima. I am stating the truth”.
  • 397) After that, the brave Pandavas started leaving for the forest from that gathering, along with Draupadi. At that time, Duryodhana mocked the walk of Bhima, who was leaving like a young lion walking majestically.
  • 398) Bhima, who was half-way out of the sabha, returned and spoke while staring with his red eyes – “I shall break your other thigh too in war”. Saying thus, he walked out of that inauspicious gathering.
  • 399) Out of affection for her sons, Kunti followed them when they began. Vidura stopped the crying Kunti and made her stay at his place.
  • 400) The Pandavas bowed to her and left quickly from there along with Draupadi. Dharmaraja, who was compassionate, lowered his head to ensure his stare didn’t fall on the Kauravas, which would have otherwise burnt them due to his anger.
  • 401) The powerful Bhimasena lifted both his shoulders, indicating that his physical strength was enough to kill all enemies, and exited the hall.
  • 402) Draupadi left the gathering leaving her hair untied, as an indication that the wives of the Kauravas would, in the future, always remain with their hair untied.
    • Note: A woman leaving her hair untied is a sign of her widowhood.
  • 403) Arjuna walked out, spraying mud all along the way. His message was to indicate how many arrows he would fire at his enemies, as he knew numerous great astras.
  • 404) Nakula and Sahadeva walked out lowering their heads. Their intention was to ensure that the enemies did not get to see their faces.
  • 405) “When the Kauravas are dead, the final rites of their souls should be conducted through me” – thinking thus, Sage Dhaumya chanted the Preta Samskara Suktas and moved ahead.
    • Note: The Vedas contain a few Suktas that are chanted when the crematory ceremonies are conducted.
  • 406) Along with the main chariot, there were fourteen additional chariots. Along with them, the charioteers, cooks, overseers of food and other assistants followed them and started walking.
  • 407) After that, noticing that the dwellers of the city had come following them, the Pandavas sat down under a large tree in the forest near river Ganga.
  • 408) They then meditated upon Sri Narayana with devotion, thinking of him who is omnipresent, who is full of auspicious qualities, who is worshiped even by Brahma, Shiva and the others, who relieves devotees from Samsara and who is the Lord of all.

|| End of chapter 21, known as ‘Pandava Vanavasa Gamanam’, from the Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya, composed by Srimadanandatirtha Bhagavatpada ||

|| Sri Krishnarpanamastu ||


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