Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 20: Part 1

  • 1) Yudhisthira was engaged in the performance of yajnas, giving mahadanas, receiving tributes from Kings, becoming the moderator in discussions on topics of shastra and in worshiping Rishis and Munis. Bhima was engaged in giving discourses on Dharma, dissipating the knowledge of Sri Hari and in the protection of the nation.
  • 2) Draupadi got engaged in giving discourses on Stree Dharma, protecting the servants of the palace, expenditure from the treasury and other activities including keeping a tab on the qualities and defects of those working in the inner palace. She also became a guide on the Bhagavata Dharma to those in the inner palace.
  • 3) Arjuna’s task was to control the other countries. Kings like Jarasandha and the rest and Keechaka and his followers used to be kept under check by Bhima. It was only his strength that they used to be afraid of!
  • 4) When Bhima took control of all the Kingdoms, those rulers were rendered jobless after having lost the wars. Under Bhima’s rule, the citizens used to be mostly engaged in Vaishnava Dharma.
  • 5) The task of distributing salary to all the employees fell to the elder son of Madri (Nakula). Sahadeva engaged in the task of negotiations and treaties with other countries and he also served as a bodyguard of Yudhishthira, always carrying a sword with him.
  • 6) Due to the special friendship with the Pandavas, Dhrishtadyumna stayed there at Indraprastha as the commander of their army. He developed a special friendship with Bhima. In this way, their Kingdom was complete with all required comforts.
  • 7) In their Kingdom, due to Bhima’s rule, there were no non-Vaishnavas. None suffered from poverty. No one faced any obstacle in treading the path of Dharma nor did people die of diseases. None faced death that was out of turn.
  • 8) People used to approach Yudhisthira only for obtaining dana or for getting yajnas done and not with any other material requests. Because all other things used to get done by Bhima only.
  • 9) The Gandharvas, Vidyadharas and Charanas always served the Pandavas, just as they served Indra. All the Devatas and Rishis too used to come there in order to worship Sri Krishna.
  • 10) In their rule, Dharma came into being even more than what was prevalent in the Kruta Yuga. Therefore wealth in terms of gold, jewels, clothes and greenery was much more abundant than the Kruta Yuga.
  • 11) After that, Yudhishthira married the daughter of Shishupala named Devaki. She was his wife earlier too (in their original Devata form). Her brother was Dhrishtaketu. He was the Avatara of Anuhlada and had the Amsha of Savitru, an Aditya.
  • 12) Yudhishthira had a son named Suhotra from her (Devaki). He was the Avatara of Chitragupta, the writer of Yamadharma. Draupadi (Bharati) was born in another form as the daughter of the King of Kashi. She was known as Kali.
  • 13) That Kali was Bharati Devi herself. The other Devatas did not have any presence in her. The King of Kashi invited all Kings for her Swayamvara and they all gathered there with great enthusiasm.
  • 14) In the midst of all of them, Kali put the garland on the shoulders of Bhimasena. Jarasandha and the others were greatly infuriated and they rushed towards him berating the devotees of Vishnu while shouting praise of Shiva.
  • 15) At first, Bhimasena defeated all of them by using excellent and unassailable logic in arguments showing that the Vedas are defect-free, citing numerous proofs from the Vedas themselves, and from other satvik-scriptures.
  • 16) Even the Shaiva shastras have extolled the Vedas. Further, they have condemned shastras such as Shakta, Skanda and Soura and others that have gone against the Vedas. Vedas themselves declare their pro-Vishnu leanings.
  • 17) These Shaiva shastras themselves have declared the supremacy of Vishnu over Shiva. But, nowhere in the Vedas has Shiva been called as superior to Vishnu. Even the Bauddhas and others have told everywhere that Vishnu is the supreme one.
  • 18) Even the Charvakas, in some places, have called Vishnu as the supreme one and the Guru of Brihaspati. Therefore, Vishnu is the one well known as the supreme being and giver of salvation in all shastras.
  • 19) “Among the other philosophies there is contradiction within the scriptures. O Kings! you shall now see the strength of my shoulders that are always at the service of Sri Vishnu’s feet and in the propagation of Vishnu’s supremacy” – said Bhima.
  • 20) “Earlier, in the Kaurava capital of Hastinapura, river Ganga had arrived to obstruct my performance of Vishnu pooja. When I had pushed her aside with my left hand, she shifted many yojanas. Shiva arrived there at that moment”.
  • 21) “Shiva, in order to test me, came there in the form of a tiger and acted as if he was about to kill a Kapila cow, who was none other than Parvati. He rushed towards the cow and fell unconscious after getting hit by the force of my gada. He entered into the form of a Linga”.
  • 22) “That Linga became famous on Earth as the Vyaghreshwara. Similarly, on another occasion, at the banks of river Gomati near Himavat mountain, a battle took place. There too, Shiva was defeated and a Shardula Linga came into being”.
  • 23) “In this way, it is established by facts that I, who has sought refuge at Sri Vishnu’s feet, is stronger. What then to speak of Sri Vishnu’s superiority? Amongst Kshatriyas, strength determines greatness. Amongst Brahmanas it is knowledge. So say the knowledgeable”.
  • 24) “At Kedara (Kedarnath) Shiva, in the guise of a Brahmana, was defeated by me and he entered into a Linga due to fear. Embarrassed, he cursed saying – “May this place be out of bounds for those who know (study) the Vedas”.
  • 25) “In this way, when facts themselves clearly establish Sri Vishnu’s ability,  if anyone feels otherwise, then let such a person respond. Instead of that, if one wants to only increase his anger then let such a person come to war with me” – when Bhima declared thus, all the Kings rushed towards him (for battle).
  • 26) Bhimasena chased all of them away with his shower of arrows. He toppled Jarasandha down with his gada. Lifting him with both his hands, he threw him into the divine river Ganga, born from the feet of Vishnu.
  • 27) An embarrassed Jarasandha got together with the other Kings and went back to Magadha. Bhimasena was greatly honoured by the King of Kashi and he then climbed on to his chariot, along with Kali, and left for Indraprastha.
  • 28) Bhimasena united with Kali Devi, whose beauty and auspicious traits were unmatched in all three worlds and who was greatly favourable to him, and obtained a son named Sharvatrata. He was the Avatara of a Marut named Samana, who was full of strength and valour.
  • 29) Sri Krishna too returned to Dwaraka along with Balarama, and wished to kill Shatadhanva, who had murdered Satrajita, the father of Satyabhama. Shatadhanva asked Akrura and Krutavarma for help.
  • 30) The two of them said – “We cannot even fathom in our minds about deceiving Sri Krishna, who is the primordial reason for this Universe and who is the Lord of all”. When they said thus, Shatadhanva was beseeched with fear and he escaped from there, riding a female horse.
  • 31) Sri Krishna and Balarama chased him on their chariots. After running a hundred yojanas, the horses died. Shatadhanva then continued running barefoot. Sri Krishna too chased him on foot.
  • 32) Sri Krishna beheaded him with his chakra. Even though he very well knew that the jewel had been given to Akrura, for the sake of complying with worldly nature, Sri Krishna examined his clothes and said to Balarama – “He does not have the jewel”.
  • 33) Balarama did not believe Sri Krishna and, out of anger, went to Videha and stayed there for five years. Knowing fully well that Sri Krishna cannot be won over from the side of the Pandavas, Duryodhana went to Balarama intending to win him over.
  • 34) Duryodhana became a shishya of Balarama and learnt gadayuddha. Knowing Sri Krishna wasn’t around, he asked Balarama for giving him his sister Subhadra. He too promised him that he would do so.
  • 35) Duryodhana did so calculating that Sri Krishna would never overrule his older brother. In order to establish the promise, he asked Balarama to give him his hand. Balarama extended his palm, that had the marks of the plough, and gave it to Duryodhana (as a mark of a solemn promise).
  • 36) Duryodhana, who had fallen for Subhadra’s beauty, believed that due to attachment over their sister, Sri Krishna and Balarama would come under his control. Thinking thus, he held the hand of Balarama that bore the mark of the plough.
  • 37) In her previous life, Subhadra was known as Trijata. Bearing very auspicious beauty, she was born as Vasudeva’s daughter through Devaki. Rohini had raised her as her own daughter.
    • Note: In the Ramayana, Trijata was the assistant who was beside Sita in the Ashoka vana.
  • 38) Since she had served Sita very well in her previous life, she was born as Sri Krishna’s dear sister. Due to the presence of Parvati’s Avesha, she was full of beauty and auspicious traits. She had lotus like eyes and a reddish complexion like the Champaka flower.
  • 39) Having done so much, Duryodhana returned to his own country while Balarama stayed back. Sri Krishna called back Akrura and Krutavarma, who were hiding due to his fear, and told them.
  • 40) Sri Krishna called Balarama too, and in front of all Yadavas, told Akrura – “The Syamantaka jewel is with you. Show it to everyone!”. Akrura, who was frightened, showed it to all present.

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