Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 19: Part 9

  • 181) Gandhari too, along with Duryodhana’s wife, took excellent care of Draupadi. The Pandavas started to live there. Gandhari, realizing that the ill-manner of her son would lead to great fear from Bhima, with Draupadi being the reason, said thus.
  • 182) “O Kunti! You please go to your own home along with your daughter-in-law. Because of my son’s ill-mannerisms, I fear Bhima greatly. Because Draupadi is the most beautiful amongst all women in all three worlds”. Kunti accordingly moved to her own home along with her sons.
  • 183) The Pandavas stayed in this way in the house of Pandu for five years, enjoying great comfort and happiness. Draupadi, although possessing a single body, took on four different forms due to the presence of four different Devis and enjoyed with the Pandavas.
    • Note: Pandavas spent five parivatsaras in this way. Each parivatsara is roughly equal to one year, and is actually the time taken by Brihaspati (Jupiter) to traverse through the twelve rashis.
  • 184) Draupadi would turn into a kanya everyday. The presiding deities in her body would end their stay every day and re-appear again. Therefore, she would undergo the equivalent of death and birth everyday. Bharati Devi, on the other hand, remained in that body continuously. Therefore, Sri Vayu too had entered the body of the other four (Pandavas).
  • 185) Sri Vayu would enter the bodies of Yudhishthira and the others and cause ignorance to mask their buddhi. In this way, it was Sri Vayu who would always enjoy with Bharati Devi. Therefore, he would remain pure every day. The other Pandavas, due to ignorance (of this matter) taking over their mind, would undergo the equivalent of death everyday. She (Draupadi) would turn into a kanya again and again.
  • 186) The loss of possession used to occur there due to the control of the other (Bharati Devi). Therefore, the joy that Draupadi used to experience was not equivalent to sleep. There used to be constant remembrance of Sri Hari. Therefore it was not like being unconscious. Nor was it like possession by another soul (Avesha). Therefore, it was a death like situation (everyday). Since she was born (in this manner) everyday, she would become a kanya.
  • 187) In this way, Sri Vayu would remain in Yudhishthira and others as Avesha and also as Bhima and would alone enjoy with Bharati Devi separately in those bodies. The ways of enjoyment of Devatas is different and the way humans experience is different. Therefore, there is no room whatsoever for any suspicion (about this truth).
  • 188) Sri Hari, in the form of Vasishtha Krishna (Sri Vyasa) and Yadava Krishna, stayed there with the Pandavas. Engaging in excellent and appropriate conversations with the two, who possessed infinite auspicious traits and were the personification of complete bliss, the Pandavas too enjoyed there.
  • 189) Earlier, when they were in the forest, a big gathering of Kings had occurred for the Swayamvara of the daughter of the King of Kashi. Duryodhana, with pride over the strength he possessed, had kidnapped the bride.
  • 190) When the Kings were being recognized (in the ceremony), Jarasandha had been recognized first which greatly angered Duryodhana and he therefore kidnapped that kanya. The Kings engaged in battle with him. With help from Karna and his brothers, he defeated them all.
  • 191) Having lost the battle, all of the Kings came back again with their bows. Karna then told Duryodhana – “You get back to Hastinapura along with your brothers. There, once you join Bhishma and the others, these people will never be capable of coming into the city and attacking”.
  • 192) “Jarasandha would have never started off unless he was sure of victory. Once you enter the city, he will no longer be sure of victory. Since he has always been aware that Ashwathama is the Avatara of Rudra, he has never liked engaging in battle with him, as he himself is a devotee of Rudra”
  • 193) “I alone will face these Kings. Even if I get defeated by them, there will be no dent to your fame. But your fame shall be destroyed even if one of your brothers is held by them”.
  • 194) “Even Bhishma and the others are not capable of engaging in battle with him (Jarasandha). That is why even Bahlika is his dasa. He hasn’t gone to war with Bhishma since he (Bhishma) is not a King. Therefore, there has been no battle between Bhishma and him”.
  • 195) When Karna said thus, Duryodhana thought about it for a while and then returned to his city. Karna fought with the Kings and won against them. Underestimating the strength of Karna, Jarasandha sent the Kings one after the other and hence Karna’s victory became possible.
  • 196) After all of them were defeated, Jarasandha started on his chariot to fight with him. Due to Sri Parashurama’s boon, Karna rendered him chariot-less and weapon-less. He too did the same to Karna. After that, both of them engaged in a fist-fight.
  • 197) Ignoring other parts, Karna started hitting Jarasandha at those joints which Jara had brought together. Jarasandha was impressed by this and said – “Even Balarama did not know about these joints of mine. You are aware of it. Therefore, you become my accomplice”.
    • Note: Jarasandha was born two separate pieces, which Jara brought together and gave him life. Hence his name.
  • 198) “I cannot kill a clever person like you who is so skilled in many different forms of war. Not just that, I had earlier snatched the Kingdom of Anga from your father due to the strength of my shoulders. You can take it back now. Become an accomplice of mine in war”.
  • 199) As soon as Jarasandha said thus, Karna agreed immediately. Earlier, Duryodhana had given him one part of Anga. That Kingdom was actually won by Bhima by defeating Jarasandha and given to Dhritharashtra.
  • 200) Having earned the other half of the Anga country, and the friendship of Jarasandha, Karna, the son of Surya, returned to the Kauravas. All of them became happy seeing him and claimed that even Sri Krishna was not equal to him.
  • 201) Duryodhana married the daughter of the King of Kashi. She had the Avesha of Parvati, but was actually the Avatara of Jyeshtalakshmi (Alakshmi). A son was born to her, who was actually Akshakumara in his previous life. She bore a daughter too who was the Avatara of Shanmukha’s wife Rati.
    • Note: Sri Vadiraja Tirtha explains that at the time of Draupadi’s vastrapaharana, Duryodhana’s wife had expressed sorrow. Parvati Devi’s Avesha in her was the sole reason for this satvik reaction.
  • 202) The son was named Lakshana. Possessing excellent beauty and auspicious attributes, the daughter came to be known as Lakshanaa. As time went by, Duryodhana’s brothers too found brides suitable to their own traits. Duryodhana later married a few others too.
  • 203) Later, the Rakshasa who was in his earlier life known as Surantaka was born as Dushasana’s son. The Kauravas saw the strength, capability, traits and prosperity of the Pandavas and suffered greatly. Thereafter, they once went to the Kalinga country.
    • Note: Surantaka was born to Ravana by a Gandharva woman. He was also known as Devantaka and was killed in the Ramayana war by Sri Hanuman.
  • 204) There was a Swayamvara arranged for the daughter of the King of Kalinga. The King used to be known as Suvajra. Due to Shiva’s boon he had become invincible. Duryodhana forcefully kidnapped his daughter too.
  • 205) Suvajra then got together with Jarasandha and captured Duryodhana as a prisoner. Karna fled from there. He had developed a sense of competition with the Pandavas in his mind, which led to his defeat there.
  • 206) When Duryodhana was thus taken prisoner along with his brothers, Bhima was encouraged by the words of Bhishma, Dhritharashtra, Vidura and his older brother Yudhishthira, and went there and defeated all the Kings, including Jarasandha. He killed Suvajra and released the Kauravas from prison.
  • 207) All of them, along with Karna, returned to Hastinapura bearing the look of Pretas on their faces. Noticing the enmity growing between them, Dhritharashtra said to Dharmaraja – “You proceed immediately to Indraprastha”.
  • 208) “You rule half of the Kingdom from there, along with your brothers. Accept half of the treasury too. Earlier, Indra was crowned by Sri Brahma and the others over there, and had ruled the land for a long time”.
  • 209) “O brave one! You are verily equivalent to Indra. Therefore, that is a fitting capital for you. I shall coronate you soon” – when Dhritharashtra said thus Dharmaraja replied – “May it be so”. The son of Ambika soon performed his coronation.
  • 210) The first one to perform abhisheka to Dharmaraja was Sri Vyasa. “May you become a great Emperor. May it be possible for you to always perform excellent yajnas like the Rajasuya that includes the Ashwamedha. Always be on the path of Dharma”.
  • 211) In this way, when Yudhishthira was coronated as the King along with Draupadi, Sri Krishna, the best amongst the Vrishnis, too performed his abhisheka. Similarly, the two of them (Sri Vyasa and Sri Krishna) performed the coronation of Bhimasena along with his wife, as the crown-prince.
  • 212) When Bhima too, after Dharmaraja, was given the abhisheka along with Draupadi by Sri Vyasa and Sri Krishna, the personification of infinite bliss, strength and knowledge, their abhisheka was performed by other excellent Brahmanas. All the noble people felt great joy.
  • 213) That very best of the ceremony lasted seven days. After that the Pandavas, together with Sri Vasishta Krishna and Sri Yadava Krishna, and with Kunti and Draupadi, left for Indraprastha.
  • 214) When they started towards Indraprastha along with half the treasury, the dwellers of the city (Hastinapura) got ready to leave with them. “Fie! The evil Duryodhana has distanced (us from) the noble Pandavas” – they exclaimed.
  • 215) “He leaned upon the strength of Bhima and got out of prison in Kalinga. He also managed to bring his daughter to the city. Yet he constantly hates the powerful Pandavas. Let us today go along with the Pandavas, who possess noble qualities”.
  • 216) Duryodhana got an announcement made through the beating of the drums – “Do not follow the Pandavas. If you do so, your wealth shall be confiscated”. In spite of this they said – “Let this evil one do as he says. We shall not desert the Pandavas” and started off.
  • 217) The people had firmed up their decision saying – “Staying with the noble is the main instrument for happiness. It is also the instrument for salvation later. On the other hand, the company of the evil fetches sorrow both here and in the after-life. Therefore, let us proceed to Indraprastha along with the Pandavas”. Dharmaraja then made a request (to them).
  • 218) “If you really love me and my brothers, please stay here under the rule of our father. If you follow us, our reputation will be tarnished as you would have violated the words of our father. Therefore, please follow Dhritharashtra and stay here”.
  • 219) When the city dwellers were thus stopped by all the Pandavas, they stayed back there with great difficulty. Their minds, however, had followed them. After they (the Pandavas) went to Indraprastha, Sri Krishna and Sri Vyasa summoned the divine architect Vishwakarma. He immediately arrived there.
  • 220) When Sri Vashishta Krishna and Sri Yadava Krishna ordered him saying – “Construct a city for the Pandavas that is just like Amaravati and full of precious stones”, Vishwakarma bowed to both the Lords and built a city (as per the orders).
  • 221) Although the city was sparsely populated, the Pandavas quickly filled it by bringing people from other countries. The noble people from other countries came there and settled down, due to the auspicious qualities of the Pandavas and creating the excuse of falling at the feet of Sri Hari.
  • 222) Having sent away his brother’s children thus, Dhritharashtra performed the coronation of Duryodhana. He coronated Dushashana as the crown-prince and thought of himself has having accomplished much, although his desire for material pursuits had not ended.
  • 223) The Pandavas followed the path of truth laid down by Sri Vyasa and Sri Krishna and enjoyed the land as per Dharma. Always relying on the lotus-like feet of Sri Hari, the Lord of Ramaa, they led a joyous life.
  • || End of chapter 19, known as ‘Pandava Rajya Labha’, from the Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya, composed by Srimadanandatirtha Bhagavatpada ||
  • || Sri Krishnarpanamastu ||


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