Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 19: Part 6

  • 101) In the midst of all this, Krutavarma, the son of Hridika, leaning on the intellect of Akrura, told his brother Shatadhanva thus – “This Satrajita had assured us earlier that he would give us Satyabhama along with the Syamantaka jewel”.
  • 102) “But, he ignored all of us and handed over his daughter to Sri Krishna. You kill that evil-minded one at night. Bring the jewel to us. If this leads to a battle with Sri Krishna, Akrura and I too shall come to your help”.
  • 103) As soon as he said thus, the evil-minded Shatadhanva complied immediately (killed Satrajita). The reason was that he was a Daitya in his previous life. Satyabhama, although she was the personification of knowledge and wisdom, kept the body (of her father) in sesame oil and went to Sri Krishna, acting as per the ways of the world.
  • 104) Listening to her words, Bhagavan Sri Krishna returned to his city. At that moment, the messenger of the King of Panchala gave him the news of the Swayamvara of Draupadi and he left for the city of Drupada along with the Yadavas and his brother, the wielder of the plough.
  • 105) Bhima, the one who is worthy of worship by all devotees of Sri Hari, had destroyed the Rakshasa who had been protected by the boon of Rudra as if he were a blade of grass. After spending a few days there, he too left (for Panchala) along with his people, as per the words of Sri Vyasa, the unblemished one.
  • 106) “It is a unique and auspicious event. Therefore, proceed towards Panchala country. You will get excellent food there” – listening to such words of Brahmanas at every little distance, the Pandavas went Northwards.
  • 107) Amongst the six of them, the Brahmanas looked at Bhima, with his huge shoulders, broad chest and complete manly attributes, and kept saying that Draupadi would get him only.
  • 108) Without taking a break, they traveled day and night and reached the banks of Ganga one night. Then, Bhima walked behind all of them for protection, while Arjuna was in front, with the others in between.
  • 109) When Arjuna was leading them with a torch, as they approached river Ganga, a Gandharva King named Chitraratha spotted them at that midnight. Seeing that they were without any accompanying Brahmanas, he quickly realized that they were Kshatriyas and got ready to battle them.
  • 110) “I shall slay all of you as you have come near this river water in the middle of the night when it is inappropriate for humans to be out” – when he said thus Arjuna replied – “O Gandharva! We do not fear you as we are well versed in astras“.
  • 111) “If you employ your strength against those who are knowledgeable in the astras, it will go waste like a bubble on water” – said Arjuna. The Gandharva, who was an assistant of Indra, and who was seated on an excellent chariot, faced Arjuna and threw many arrows at him.
  • 112) Arjuna then invoked the Agneyastra in the torch and threw it at him. The chariot of the Gandharva was burnt and the fire caught him too. Arjuna held him by his hair and pulled him around.
  • 113) Having been defeated thus, Chitraratha surrendered to Yudhisthira and Arjuna. The terrible astra was withdrawn by Arjuna then. Since Chitraratha’s skin colour had completely changed to black, he came to be known as Angaravarna.
  • 114) Earlier, the Gandharva possessed a dark red coloured skin and was radiant like gold. Later, he became friends with Arjuna and requested him to teach that great astra (Agneyastra) that was difficult to obtain. Although he knew Agneyastra, he did not know that particular (type of Agni) astra.
  • 115) Arjuna had excellent command over that skill. He taught the same to the Gandharva. The Gandharva too taught him the skill of becoming invisible (at a later point in time). Since Arjuna refused to learn that skill at that time, the Gandharva did not teach the same.
    • Note: The Gandharva taught him that skill later when Arjuna went to Indra Loka during the Vana Parva.
  • 116) Since his own skill was greater than that of the Gandharva, Arjuna did not agree for an exchange as it (an exchange) can be done only when there is equivalence. Therefore, Arjuna taught him for the purpose of punya and learnt the other vidya at a later date for the sake of Dharma.
  • 117) The Gandharva Chitraratha told numerous stories to Arjuna (and the others) and asked them to appoint Sage Dhaumya as their purohita. Assuring him that he would give divine horses some day in the future, he left for Devaloka. The Pandavas continued ahead.
  • 118) The Pandavas accepted Dhaumya, the one with excellent knowledge, as their purohita and entered Panchala city in the guise of Brahmanas. There, they saw the entire congregation of Kings, all of whom were well decorated.
  • 119) Dhrishtadyumna saw the teeming group of Kings and went amidst them along with his sister who was carrying a garland in her hands. He described all the Kings to her, detailing their lineage, strengths and wealth.
  • 120) He showed Draupadi all the Kings and had the bow, along with five arrows, brought over there. Then Dhrishtadyumna, the one with a fire-like radiant body, one with a cloud like somber voice and the one who was the Avatara of Agni, addressed the Kings.


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