Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya: Chapter 9: Part 4

  • 91 On His right side monkeys, headed by the son of Surya, and humans on the left side proceeded quickly chanting tales of His avatara as Lord Rama.
  • 92 With Gandharvas singing, and groups of devatas and Rishis headed by Brahma praising Him with chantings of the essence of Vedas, with the scattering of flowers from above, and being gazed at by all the beings who did not even wink out of devotion, Lord Rama proceeded to His own abode, where His attendants Sesha, Garuda and others serve Him devoutly. The Lord slowly ascended the sky even as Brahma, Rudra, Sesha, Garuda and others extolled His auspicious attributes; Those of whom followed Him then assumed heavenly bodies.
  • 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100,101, 102 After that, Brahma, having praised Lord Rama, said thus – “By your orders, Dasharatha has been given a good place that is due to him by me; Your mothers have been given the same place one thousand years ago; Even Kaikeyi, though undeserving, has been given a good place by your command as she should not go to Naraka after having begotten Bharata; But that Asuri Nikritthi, through whose spirit she caused harm to you, has been placed in eternal hell by me. Kaikeyi has only attained the transient worlds, and not the permanent ones. This is appropriate as she became devoted to You only subsequently. Manthara, the one with evil nature, has been thrown into eternal hell; Those who reviled You on account of Sita and most of the Rakshasas have also been cast into eternal hell; Some of the Rakshasas will do so during Your incarnation as Lord Krishna; The rest of them will go to eternal hell at the end of four thousand three hundred years of the 28th Kali Yuga; To those who have come along with You only to savour the fragrance of Your lotus feet, please give them the upper places; Myself, Rudra and all the other devatas are your servants; O Lord! Instruct us on what needs to be done by us yet”.
  • 103 Hearing those words of Brahma, Lord Raghava spoke words of deep insight, with a smile on his lips resembling soft leaves.
  • 104 “O Lotus-born One! The teachership of the Universe has been given to you by me only; Therefore, good destiny for these people has been commanded by Me in accordance with the wishes of such a Guru”.
  • 105 “Therefore, under My instructions, those people deserve to be given their proper places by you; You are the only one who always understands My heart’s wish”
  • 106, 107 Thus instructed, Brahma, who correctly understands Lord Hari’s wishes, awarded to all, from an ant to even a straw, the supreme abode of Lord Vishnu known as Santhanika, due to their permanence; Those souls became free from rebirth and were free from death and old age and were devoid of all misery; They lived there enjoying their innate and supreme bliss.
  • 108, 109, 110, 111, 112 All the devatas, who had been with the bodies of men and monkeys, returned to their original bodies, except Mainda and Vivida; Those two had not followed Lord Rama due to the presence of an Asura in them; Since they had drunk the nectar of immortality earlier, they had not died either; The self-born Brahma was earlier pleased with their penance and had made them free from old age and death; Therefore, out of pride, they had drunk the nectar wrongfully at the time of churning of the ocean; Because of their divine origin, the devatas had overlooked this; When the devatas were fighting the Danavas after drinking the nectar, the bowl containing the nectar was given to them for protection, and it was then that they had drunk it; Due to that overstepping, the two of them attained the forms of wicked Asuras.
  • 113 Angada, under the instructions of Lord Rama, ruled the kingdom (of the monkeys), along with Kusa, and in due course of time, gave up his body and returned to his original form.
  • 114 Vibhishana, the noble souled one, out of respect for Lord Rama’s instructions, became the commander of Kubera’s army and led the Rakshasas for a kalpa.
  • 115 As per the orders of Lord Rama, Jambavan also lived on this earth for the birth of his daughter Jambavati, and performed austere penance for the same.
  • 116 From then on, the prime amongst Raghus lived in one of His forms in the abode of the devatas and was worshipped by them, and in a second form He stayed in the abode of Brahma, and was worshipped by him as the Supreme Lord, and in a third form He stayed in His own abode.
  • 117 The devatas, who were following the Lord who was on His way to His own abode through His third form, stopped at the maximum limit of their allowed access, gradually at a huge distance, looked on and praised Him loudly.
  • 118 Brahma, Maruth, the son of Vayu, Shiva, Sesha, Garuda, Kama, Indra and others followed one after the other and returned after taking leave of Lord Raghava.
  • 119 The devatas, led by Brahma and Purandara (Indra) and others, left for their own abodes; The son of Maruth (Hanuman) proceeded to Badari and stayed there to worship the feet of Lord Narayana.
  • 120 He lived there happily, always listening with delight the words of Lord Hari which were full of the views of the Shastras, and also propagating those truths to the chief amongst the devatas and Rishis.
  • 121 Through another form, he ruled the kingdoms in the continent of Kimpurusha, under the orders of Lord Rama; Through other forms, he lived in all the abodes of Lord Vishnu just as he wished.
  • 122 Thus, by always chanting the Ramayana, Bharata and Pancharatra, which consisted of one hundred crore verses, and by expounding all the Vedas along with the BrahmaSutras, he became full with eternal bliss.
  • 123 Lord Rama, along with Sita, Hanuman, Lakshmana and others, and also other attendants headed by Garuda, lived in the milky ocean being always worshipped by them.
  • 124 Sometimes the Lord of all rests on the king of serpents by merging all His avataras into One; At other times, the Lord of Ramaa, the ocean of noble attributes, amuses Himself by entering into separate avataras, by His own will.
  • 125, 126, 127 This story has been told by me by collaborating the various Puranas, the Pancharatra, Bharata, Vedas and the Maha Ramayana; The various contradictions underlying have been reconciled, and the truths decisively told with the aid of reason and intellect and all by the grace of Lord Vishnu; There is no need to apprehend any inconsistency due to the reason of it not being dependent upon any one book.
  • 128 In some works, different versions have been given and in some others different interpretations have been made; Therefore this decisive work giving the true purport has been made by me.
  • 129 The same consistency must be applied for what follows, both with regard to the Kalpas and also with regard to the order of creation.
  • 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137 In some Puranas, variations with regard to personalities are present; For example, Lord Krishna is supposed to have told Draupadi that He would show one hundred of Duryodhana and others killed by the arrows of Arjuna; But it is known from many texts that they were killed by Bhimasena; What is narrated briefly by few texts as having been killed by Arjuna is narrated by many texts in detail as having been killed by Bhimasena; Similarly, several differences with regard to personalities and incidents appear; What some texts state as having been killed by Lord Krishna is stated in others as having been killed by Balabhadra; In some works, variations with respect to timing also appear; For example, it is said in some that Bhimasena laughed at Duryodhana in the presence of Lord Krishna whereas the contrary is seen in many texts and also after the decision is made regarding the truth; In the absence of such a decisive work, it would appear that the incident occured after the departure, which would be an unacceptable variation; Similarly, other such variations with regard to incidents occur in the Bharatha and other works; They must be found out from the lakshana works, numerous sayings and from the ‘Nirnaya’ works; Therefore, this decisive work has been composed by me in accordance with Nirnaya and Lakshana works and also other numerous sayings.
  • 138, 139 In the Lakshana work composed by Krishna Dwaipayana, it is stated that one who comments on the meaning of the Vedas without knowing the three modes of interpretation, one hundred ways of annotation, and the seven kinds of differences, goes to eternal hell, which is where those of convoluted understanding go.
  • 140, 141 The same thing has been explained in detail in several other works here and there; The seven kinds of differences are Vyathyasa, Pratilomya, Gomoothra, Praghasa, Ookshna, Sudhara and Sadhu; These are not dealt with here as being irrelevant.
  • 142 This decisive composition has been made by me in accordance with them; Being a Nirnaya, this deserves to be accepted by all those who seek knowledge.
  • 143 Thus this sublime story of Lord Rama, which destroys Samsara, has been narrated by me in accordance with all the Shastras; One who reads this or listens to this, goes to the feet of Lord Hari, after being released from bondage.

|| End of chapter 9, known as ‘Rama Swadhama Pravesha’, from the Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya, composed by Srimadanandatirtha Bhagavatpada ||
|| Sri Krishnaarpanamastu ||

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